Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Virgin Island, Puerto Rico, Marshall Island Issues: HR 3940
Nikolao I. Pula
Office of Insular affairs
Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
H.R. 3940 assistance for political status education programs
May 19, 2010
Mr. Chairman and members of the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, thank you for the opportunity today to discuss H.R. 3940, which would authorize technical assistance funding for political status education programs.
Subsection (a) of section 601 of Public Law 96-597 created a technical assistance program that authorizes the Secretary of the Interior –
to extend to the governments of American Samoa, Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, the Virgin Islands, and the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands technical assistance on subjects within the responsibility of the respective territorial governments.
This technical assistance program, administered by the Office of Insular Affairs in the Department of the Interior, has provided technical assistance funds to the territories for a wide range of purposes.
Section 2 of H.R. 3940 would add a new section before the language above that would authorize, not require, the Secretary of the Interior to extend assistance to
American Samoa, Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands for grants, research, planning assistance, studies, and agreements with Federal agencies to facilitate public education programs regarding political status options.
The Department of the Interior has no objection to the enactment of H.R. 3940.However, we note that any assistance provided under this authorization would have to compete with other priority needs.We also note that everything section 2 would authorize can be accomplished under the language already contained in subsection (a) of of section 601 of Public Law 96- 597 without the enactment of additional legislation.
When the political status of a territory is under consideration, education of the public regarding the options available to the people is of utmost importance.Only an educated populace can make informed decisions about its future.The Department of the Interior would not object to funding political status education on two conditions:
the education on options is factual, and
all points of view receive equal opportunity for hearing.
The Department would not award funding to extol one point of view that unfairly excludes other points of view.The hallmark considerations for a public education program on political status are facts and fairness.
Thank you for the opportunity to comment on H.R. 3940.I would be happy to answer any questions at this time.