Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Associate Director, Cultural Resource Stewardship and Partnerships
National Park Service, Department of the Interior
Subcommittee on National Parks
Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
United States Senate
November 4, 2009
H.R. 3113, To Amend the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act To Designate a Segment of Elk River
in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, For Study as a Potential Addition To
The National Wild and Scenic Rivers System
Mr. Chairman and members of the Subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to provide the Administration's views on H.R. 3113. This bill amends section 5(a) of the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act, Public Law 90-542 (16 U.S.C. 1271 – 1287) to designate a segment of Elk River in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, for study as a potential addition to the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System. The segment that would be authorized for study lies entirely within the Monongahela National Forest, and is an approximate five-mile segment of the Elk River from the confluence of the Old Field Fork and the Big Spring Fork in Pocahontas County to the Pocahontas and Randolph County line. The bill provides that the study determine if the river is qualified for designation and, if so determined, evaluate the potential benefits and consequences of its designation, including an assessment of whether its addition to the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System is the best method to protect river values.
This section of the Elk River flows through a small canyon with a parallel, non-operational railroad the only sign of human activity. The overall appearance of the river corridor from the stream is one of hardwood forests and large boulders with occasional views of the railroad. The river is dominated by many pools, separated by stretches of riffles. The stream is popular with anglers and supports populations of wild brown and rainbow trout; populations of native brook trout occur in the tributaries within one-quarter mile of the main channel. Karst limestone outcrops along the river bed create the conditions that cause the river to “sink”, or go underground, during low flows.
Of the land contained within a quarter mile of each side of the river segment, two-thirds is in federal ownership all under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Forest Service, an agency of the Department of Agriculture, with the remaining acreage in private ownership for a total of approximately 1500 acres. The bill provides that the study address both Federal and non-Federal lands.
The Administration supports this legislation as it provides an opportunity to work with interested parties including state and local governments and landowners to identify river values and thoughtfully evaluate whether and, if desirable, how these values should be protected. This concludes my prepared statement and I would be pleased to answer any questions you may have.