Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
ASSISTANT DIRECTOR, BUSINESS SERVICES, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE,
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, FORESTS AND PUBLIC LANDS
OF THE COMMITTEE ON NATURAL RESOURCES,
CONCERNING H.R. 2986,
A BILL TO AMEND THE ACT OF MAY 29, 1930,
COMMONLY KNOWN AS THE CAPPER-CRAMTON ACT,
TO AUTHORIZE A GRANT PROGRAM TO PRESERVE RESOURCES
IN THE NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
APRIL 27, 2010
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 2986, a bill to amend the Act of May 29, 1930 (Chapter 354; 46 Stat.482; commonly known as the Capper-Cramton Act), to authorize a grant program to preserve resources in the National Capital Region.
Although the Department supports the goal of H.R. 2986 of assisting state and local governments to acquire land to protect open space and natural resources in the National Capital Region, the Department has concerns that H.R. 2986 could duplicate existing programs. The Department also believes that the objectives of H.R. 2986 could be supported through the Administration's America's Great Outdoors Initiative.
H.R. 2986 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to provide matching grants to state and local governments in Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, and the District of Colo,bia for acquiring land within the Washington metropolitan area for a variety of conservation and recreational purposes. The bill would authorize appropriations of $50 million annually from fiscal year 2010 through fiscal year 2014.
We are sympathetic to the desire of the sponsors of this legislation to find a way to acquire land for resource protection in the National Capital Region. In an area where so many of the Nation's revered natural, cultural, and historic resources are threatened by developmental pressures and where open space is disappearing at a rapid rate, we agree with the need to increase land protection for all the purposes listed in H.R. 2986. However, the same need for protecting resources in the face of development pressures exists in other metropolitan areas of the United States, too.
The Department administers several grant programs already that provide land acquisition assistance to states and localities for many of the same purposes identified in H.R. 2986. They include the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) State Assistance Program and the American Battlefield Protection Program within the National Park Service, and the North American Wetlands Conservation Act and National Coastal Wetlands Conservation Programs within the Fish & Wildlife Service. These programs provide land acquisition grants across the country, including the areas covered by this bill. These programs also ensure that the land will be used for public purposes in perpetuity, which H.R. 2986 does not provide for. We believe that it would be better to continue to use existing programs to provide land protection assistance to all communities rather than to establish a new program for similar purposes but only available to one metropolitan area.
Metropolitan Washington benefits from having a large amount of land protected and made available for public use by the National Park Service, particularly for an urban/suburban area. In the District, these areas include parks and reservations east of Capitol Hill under the jurisdiction of National-Capitol Parks-East, Rock Creek Park, the White House grounds, and park units and reservations under the jurisdiction of National Mall and Memorial Parks. The George Washington Memorial Parkway spans Arlington and Fairfax Counties in Virginia, and the C&O Canal traverses Washington D.C. and several counties in Maryland and West Virginia. The National Capital Region also includes Monocacy National Battlefield and Catoctin Mountain Park in Frederick County, Maryland; Prince William Forest Park and Manassas National Battlefield in Prince William County, Virginia; Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts in Fairfax County, Virginia; and Harpers Ferry National Historical Park in Jefferson County, West Virginia. To the extent that resource protection in and around thses sites is needed, a more appropriate way to pursue that goal might be to seek funds through the LWCF federal land acquisition program. We note, for exampe, that the Administration's FY 2011 budget calls for $6 million in land acquisition funding for Prince William Forest Park and $640,000 for Catoctin Mountain Park.
The Administration is keenly aware of the need to increase funding for land acquisition, both through federal land acquisition programs and state grants. For FY 2011, the President's budget calls for $106 million for National Park Service land acquisition--a significantly larger amount than has been requested or appropriated for many years. The budget calls for $47.2 million for LWCF state grants, a substantial increase over the FY 2010 enacted level of $37.2 million. The overall FY 2011 request of $619 million is the first step toward the Administration's goal of providing $900 million a year--full funding--for programs funded through the LWCF, and it holds the hope that within a few years we will be able to better address land acquisition needs throughout the United States, including the National Capital Area.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my prepared remarks. I would be happy to answer any questions that you or any other members of the Subcommittee may have.