Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
OF THE SENATE ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES COMMITTEE
ON H.R. 1287,
A BILL TO AUTHORIZE THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR
TO ENTER INTO A PARTNERSHIP WITH THE PORTER COUNTY CONVENTION,
RECREATION AND VISITOR COMMISSION
REGARDING THE USE OF THE DOROTHY BUELL MEMORIAL VISITOR CENTER
AS A VISITOR CENTER FOR THE INDIANA DUNES NATIONAL LAKESHORE,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
November 4, 2009
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on H.R. 1287, a bill to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to enter into a partnership with the Porter County Convention, Recreation and Visitor Commission regarding the use of the Dorothy Buell Memorial Visitor Center as a visitor center for the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, and for other purposes.
The Department supports H.R. 1287 as passed by the House with technical amendments.
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore was established as a unit of the National Park System in 1966.It lies on the southern tip of Lake Michigan and covers some 15,000 acres with 15 miles of shoreline. In 1998, the national lakeshore and the Porter County Convention, Recreation and Visitor Commission (PCCRVC) began to explore the concept of a joint visitor center to be shared by the PCCRVC, the national lakeshore, and the IndianaDunesState Park.At that time, both the national lakeshore and the PCCRVC suffered from low visitation at their respective visitor centers due to their poor locations away from the primary thoroughfares.Because of their location, size, and layout, the national lakeshore's 1997 General Management Plan recommended relocating the visitor center to the more heavily traveled IN 49 corridor.
A partnership to acquire land for a new site was initiated.A more prominent location outside the national lakeshore but within the primary travel corridor to the dunes was selected.Using a series of Transportation Enhancement grants, the PCCRVC purchased the land, which is located approximately three quarters of a mile south of the national lakeshore boundary on IN 49, the principal north/south artery into the national lakeshore and secured a contract for construction.The new DorothyBuellMemorialVisitorCenter was completed in October 2006.
The NPS currently has an interim lease of the space in the new visitor facility and is in the process of securing a General Service Administration lease agreement for offices, storage, exhibits, bookstore, and a theatre.The payments for this lease come from funds in the park's authorized annual operating budget.
H.R. 1287 would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to enter into an agreement with the PCCRVC that would outline the terms of the partnership, including cooperative management of the new visitor facility and sharing of operational activities.The two parties will jointly plan and staff the new visitor center and offer "one-stop shopping," with exhibits and theater space to educate visitors about the resources found in the park, aspects of threatened and endangered species management, habitat preservation, and wetlands restoration.
H.R. 1287 would also authorize $1,500,000 to plan, design, construct, and install exhibits to be placed in the new facility for visitor information and education.The space leased by the National Park Service (NPS) includes room for exhibits, offices, a theatre, and a bookstore.All funds are subject to NPS priorities and the availability of appropriations.
H.R. 1287 also would amend Section 19 of Public Law 89-761 to authorize the Secretary of the Interior to accept donated lands that are considered contiguous to Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore but physically separated from the boundary by a public or private right-of-way, such as a road, railroad, or utility corridors.
The park is segmented with numerous isolated parcels.The northern portion of Indiana is crisscrossed with numerous interstate highways, oil and gas pipeline corridors, and electrical lines.A number of these rights of way exist within the national lakeshore.Several landowners have offered to donate land adjacent to the park (separated by utility, roadways, and rail corridors), but the park's ability to accept such lands is ambiguous. It is unclear whether the NPS can accept these lands under the minor boundary revision authority of the Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1965.The bill would clarify this terminology as it relates to the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore and allow the park to accept donated lands to further the purposes of the park unit when they adjoin the park's boundary.
Mr. Chairman, thank you for the opportunity to comment.We look forward to working with the Committee to provide technical amendments to the bill.This concludes my prepared remarks and I will be happy to answer any questions you or other committee members might have.