Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
STATEMENT OF DANIEL N. WENK, DEPUTY DIRECTOR, NATIONAL PARK
SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE
SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE
ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, ON S. 867 AND H.R. 299, TO
ADJUST THE BOUNDARY OF LOWELL NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK,
AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
SEPTEMBER 27, 2007
Mr. Chairman, members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to present the views of the Department of the Interior on S. 867 and H.R. 299, bills to adjust the boundary of Lowell National Historical Park, and for other purposes.
The Department supports enactment of these bills.
These bills would authorize the Secretary of the Interior to acquire five small tracts of land, totaling less than one acre, and to include these tracts in the boundary of the Lowell National Historical Park. These five small parcels are important to the park's operation.
Lowell National Historical Park preserves and interprets the nationally significant historic and cultural sites, structures and districts in Lowell, Massachusetts, that represent the most significant planned industrial city in the United States and symbolize, in physical form, the Industrial Revolution. The park tells the human story of the Industrial Revolution and the changing role of technology in a 19th and 20th century setting. The cultural heritage of many of the ethnic groups that immigrated to the United States during the 19th and early 20th century, and which continues today, is still preserved in Lowell's neighborhoods. The park provides a vehicle for economic progress in the community, encouraging creative and cooperative preservation and interpretive programs.
The tracts included in this bill are needed to complete development of the Canalway, a linear park and walkway along Lowell's 5.6-mile historic power canal system. The acquisition of these tracts will provide the access points necessary for development, maintenance, and visitor protection in order to complete the Canalway. Approximately two miles of the walkway along Lowell's 5.6-mile canal system remain incomplete. Acquisition rights and associated boundary changes are needed to ensure that park visitors will have access to the entire system and to give the park the right to develop and maintain these canal walkways.
S. 867 and H.R. 299 would authorize the Secretary to acquire the tracts in fee, or by easement, purchase or donation, and if necessary, by means of condemnation. The original 1978 legislation establishing Lowell National Historical Park contains condemnation authority for the Secretary and the now defunct Lowell Historic Preservation Commission. The National Park Service (NPS) inherited the assets of the Commission when it ceased operations in 1995. Although condemnation authority has not been used in 20 years, it is needed now because NPS has been unable to obtain clear title to one of these small tracts through the usual means of title and record searches.
Dating back to the 1800s, tract ownership is uncertain and NPS has not been able to locate or determine the owners. The NPS would use condemnation authority to gain clear title only if owners of the parcels cannot be identified after further attempts through notice in local newspapers is unsuccessful. The Lowell City Council will be consulted and condemnation authority will be used only with its concurrence, as required in the park's enabling legislation. If the Lowell City Council would oppose our intention to use condemnation authority, the park would not proceed.
As has been the practice of the Lowell National Historical Park throughout its Canalway acquisition program, donated easements and fee acquisition will be sought as a first course of action. In the event that property owners are unwilling to donate fee or easement rights, funding for these acquisitions will be sought through public and private funding sources. This bill will not result in any increases to operational costs for the park.
The proposed legislation is supported by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, the City of Lowell, the Lowell Historic Board, and the Lowell Plan/Lowell Development and Financial Corporation.
Mr. Chairman that concludes my testimony and I will be happy to answer any questions from you or members of the subcommittee.