Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
STATEMENT OF DANIEL N. WENK, DEPUTY DIRECTOR, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS, SENATE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES, CONCERNING S. 890, A BILL TO PROVIDE FOR CERTAIN ADMINISTRATIVE AND SUPPORT SERVICES FOR THE DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER MEMORIAL COMMISSION
April 26, 2007
Mr. Chairman and members of the subcommittee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you today to present the Department of the Interior's views on S. 890, a bill to provide for certain administrative and support services for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission.
The Department has no position on S. 890 as it involves providing administrative and support services for an established congressional commission by the General Services Administration (GSA) rather than the Department of the Interior. We understand that the Department of Justice may have concerns with certain provisions on volunteer services in S. 890 that could significantly expand the potential for Federal tort liability and will advise the Committee of those concerns in the near future.
The Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial Commission (Commission) is a congressional commission established by Section 8162 of Public Law 106-79 on October 25, 1999. S. 890 would amend Section 8162 to update the powers of the Commission and provide additional staff and support services to assist the Commission in performing its duties and responsibilities. The bill would require the GSA to provide administrative services on a reimbursable basis. It also would allow the Commission to use all contracts, schedules, and acquisition vehicles allowed to external clients through the GSA.
In January 2002, the Commission's authorization was amended by Public Law 107-117 to require that the memorial to Dwight D. Eisenhower be established pursuant to the provisions of the Commemorative Works Act. Public Law 109-220, enacted in May 2006, authorized the memorial to be constructed on a site within Area I as Dwight D. Eisenhower is deemed to be of “preeminent historical and lasting significance to the Nation.” As a result of an alternative site study completed in 2006, the National Park Service, the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission have all approved a site south of Independence Avenue near its intersection with Maryland Avenue, which was identified in the Memorials and Museums Master Plan as Prime Candidate Site suitable for a presidential memorial. The next step is for the Commission to select a design concept in accordance with guidance contained in the site approval and to submit it for review by the Secretary of the Interior, the Commission of Fine Arts and the National Capital Planning Commission.
During his term, President Eisenhower created the National Interstate Highway System, which remains a critical component of U.S. infrastructure today. Eisenhower also is credited with proposing and signing into law the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, and striving to make the District of Columbia a model for the nation in racially integrating public schools. He created the precedent for theproposed National Parks Centennial Initiative by initiating a comprehensive ten-year program, Mission 66, to restore and improve National Parks to meet the needs of a public increasingly interested in the great outdoors.
The Department supports the work of the Commission and is willing to assist them throughout the process of establishing an appropriate permanent memorial to Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States.
That concludes my testimony, I would be glad to answer any questions that you or other members of the subcommittee may have.