Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
DEPUTY DIRECTOR, NATIONAL PARK SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,
BEFORE THE SUBCOMMITTEE ON NATIONAL PARKS
OF THE SENATE COMMITTEE ON ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
REGARDING BILL S. 3226, TO RENAME THE ABRAHAM LINCOLN
BIRTHPLACE NATIONAL HISTORIC SITE IN THE STATE OF KENTUCKY
AS THE “ABRAHAM LINCOLN BIRTHPLACE NATIONAL HISTORICAL PARK”.
July 30, 2008
Mr. Chairman and members of the committee, thank you for the opportunity to appear before you to present the views of the Department of the Interior on S. 3226, a bill to rename the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in the State of Kentucky as the "Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park".
The Department supports enactment of S. 3226, as we believe that the term "national historical park" is a more appropriate designation for the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace site than its current designation. This bill is based on an Administration legislative proposal that was transmitted to Congress on May 8, 2008.
Abraham Lincoln, one of our most revered Presidents, was born February 12, 1809, in a one-room log cabin on the Sinking Spring Farm near Hodgenville, Kentucky. This site, where the Lincoln family lived until 1811, was established as the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site in 1916. This 116-acre site features a memorial building that preserves an early 19th century Kentucky cabin, symbolic of the one in which Lincoln was born.
In 1811, the family lost title to their Sinking Spring Farm and moved ten miles away to 30 leased acres in the Knob Creek Valley. It was here that young Abraham first attended the 'Blab Schools,' so named because the children recited their lessons aloud. It was also here that a third child was born to the family, Thomas Lincoln, Jr., who survived only a short time. The Lincolns lived at Knob Creek Farm until 1816, when they moved to Indiana. Public Law 105-355, enacted in 1998, authorized the acquisition of Knob Creek Farm, and the 228-acre parcel of land was donated to the National Park Service in November 2001. This acquisition added a second unit to the Historic Site.
Because the Historic Site now has two non-contiguous sites, its 2006 General Management Plan recommends seeking legislation to change its name to "Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park," which would make the name consistent with other parks that have historic resources at multiple sites.
This legislation proposes a name change only. Costs associated with the name would be minimal and would only involve changing the park name on signs, letterhead, and brochures.
Mr. Chairman, this concludes my statement. I will be happy to answer any questions that you or members of the committee may have.