A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
S. 2443, H.R. 2246, Reno ReTrac, Release of Reversionary Interest
July 9, 2008
Thank you for inviting me to testify on S. 2443, a bill to release any reversionary interest of the United States in and to certain lands located in Reno, Nevada. During consideration of similar legislation on October 23, 2007 before the House Natural Resources Committee, Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests and Public Lands, we testified that we believed the goals of the House bill could be accomplished in a more simplified manner. The House-passed bill, H.R. 2246 and S.2443 are identical bills that address our recommendations. The BLM appreciates the work of the sponsors in crafting these bills and we support S.2443.
In the mid-19th century, the Congress sought to encourage the development of the West by providing incentives for transcontinental railroads. Among those incentives was the Act of July 1, 1862, authorizing a transcontinental railroad to be built by the Union Pacific Railroad and Telegraph Company. As part of that authorization, the railroad was granted a right-of-way across public lands. One small piece of that right-of-way is addressed in S. 2443.
A portion of the Union Pacific rail line authorized under the 1862 Act runs through downtown Reno, Nevada. As an active rail line, there was increasing concern about safety and traffic flow issues. The city of Reno found a creative solution in the form of the ReTrac (Reno Transportation Rail Access Corridor) project, and in late 2005, the first trains began to run on a 2-mile long, 54-foot wide, 33-foot deep, train trench through downtown Reno. Unfortunately, there have been some questions raised about whether the right-of-way given to the railroad under the 1862 Act is affected by the subsurface nature of these two miles of line. In addition, it is unclear whether the Federal government retains a reversionary interest in the corridor.
S. 2443 would resolve these questions by releasing any reversionary interest of the Federal government to lands granted to Union Pacific under the Act of 1862 within the subsurface corridor. This would include portions of sections 10, 11 and 12 of T. 19 N., R. 19 E., and a portion of section 7 of T.19 N., R. 20 E. in Reno, Nevada. We believe this bill applies the correct approach to clarifying any potential land title questions to this 2 mile subsurface railroad corridor.
Thank you for the opportunity to testify. I would be happy to answer any questions.