Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is working through the Federal CIO Council to disseminate guidance to Federal agencies on GPEA policies, best practices, and reporting requirements. The DOI CIO has responsibility for providing guidance within Interior regarding GPEA for overseeing implementation of GPEA transactions and for ensuring that resources needed to implement the GPEA requirements are captured in the Department's IT Strategic Plan and in IT capital asset budget plans and justifications. More information about the CIO Council's implementation of GPEA can be found at: http://www.cio.gov/.
Government Paperwork Elimination Act (GPEA), Title XVII, P.L. 105-277, 10/21/98. GPEA requires Federal agencies, by 10/21/2003, to provide for the option (1) of electronic maintenance, submission or disclosure of information, when practicable as a substitute for paper, and (2) use and acceptance of electronic signatures, when practicable.
GSA's Access Certificates for Electronic Commerce (ACES) program facilitates secure on-line access to Government information and services by the public through the use of public key infrastructure/digital signature technology. ACES can be of significant benefit in implementing digital signature provisions of GPEA. More information about GSA's ACES program can be found at: https://aces.orc.com.
The General Accounting Office (GA0) issued a report on 9/15/2000, Government Paperwork Elimination Act Presents Challenges for Agencies, GAO/AIMD-00-282. The URL for the report is http://www.gao.gov/new.items/ai00282.pdf.
OMB's guidance, in addition to procedural guidance for GPEA reporting, requires that an agency's GPEA plan relate to strategic IT planning in the budget process. If an agency needs additional resources to implement the plan, its budget request under OMB Circular A-11should reflect that need, and agency Government Performance and Results Act reports should address progress in implementing GPEA and e-government initiatives.