A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Secretary Salazar Applauds Beginning of Restoration of Elwha River, Largest in U.S. History
Office of the Secretary
PORT ANGELES, WA — Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today joined federal and state officials to celebrate the beginning of the Elwha River restoration project, the largest in U.S. history. The ceremony marked a significant milestone for the Elwha River Restoration project that will help increase salmon populations, uphold commitments to the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, and create new opportunities for economic growth and regional vitality.
“America's rivers are the lifeblood of America's economy – from the water for farms that produce our food to the fish and wildlife that sustain our heritage,” said Secretary Salazar. “Today as we begin the restoration of this river system, we look to a bright that recognizes rivers for their many contributions to our economy and environment.”
Removal of the 108-foot-tall Elwha Dam and the 210-foot-tall Glines Canyon Dam, is expected to take approximately three years and is part of the second largest ecosystem restoration project ever undertaken by the National Park Service, after the Everglades.
Participants in today's ceremony included: Governor Chris Gregoire, Senators Patty Murray and Maria Cantwell, Congressman Norm Dicks, Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe Chairwoman Frances Charles, National Park Service Director Jon Jarvis, Bureau of Reclamation Commissioner Mike Connor and Assistant Secretary – Indian Affairs Larry Echo Hawk.
“This Restoration project is a testament to what can happen when diverse groups find a way to work together and achieve shared goals of restoration for a river, a people, an ecosystem, and a national park,” said Director Jarvis.
“Reclamation is proud to be part of this river restoration effort. Through this project and others we are applying Reclamation's traditional skills and expertise in this contemporary river restoration mission,” Commissioner Connor said.
Biologists estimate that salmon populations will swell from 3,000 to more than 300,000 as five species of Pacific salmon return to more than 70 miles of river and stream. The return of these fish will bring bear, eagles, and other animals back to the unique ecosystem that has been deprived of a vital food source since 1911 when the Elwha Dam was constructed.
Salazar noted that the river restoration will help support the culture of the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, who have lived along the river for centuries. Tribal members will again have access to sacred sites now inundated and the opportunity to renew important cultural traditions.
“Construction of the dams left sacred and historical tribal sites underwater, ignoring Treaty-reserved fishing rights and disenfranchising tribal members who depended upon the River for subsistence, and economic and cultural sustenance,” said Assistant Secretary Echo Hawk. “With the removal of the dams, the healing and renewal process can begin.”
Local artists from the Olympic Peninsula and students from nearby Port Angeles High School contributed both visual and performing arts to the ceremony, and the Elwha Dance Group shared traditional songs and dances.
For more information on Elwha River Restoration, please visit the Olympic National Park website at http://www.nps.gov/olym.