Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
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With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Salazar Applauds Establishment of César E. Chávez National Monument
398th National Park Service Unit to be Managed in Cooperation With National Chávez Center
KEENE, Ca. — Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today applauded President Obama's establishment of the César E. Chávez National Monument at Nuestra Señora Reina de la Paz in Keene, California, Chávez' home and the headquarters of the United Farm Workers of America (UFW) since the early 1970s when Chávez was its president.
“César Chávez was one of the giants of the Civil Rights movement, leading a life rich with purpose and providing a voice for the powerless and oppressed,” Salazar said. “By designating La Paz as a national monument, President Obama is ensuring that future generations will have a place to learn about this extraordinary man and the farm labor movement that improved the lives of millions of workers.”
The National Park Service will manage the new national monument as the 398th unit of the National Park System in cooperation with the National Chávez Center. In consultation with the UFW, the César Chávez Foundation and members of César Chávez' family, the Center donated properties at La Paz, including the Chávez home where Helen Chávez will continue to reside, the Memorial Garden where César Chávez is buried, and Visitor Center, to the federal government. Once the land was donated to the federal government, President Obama used the Antiquities Act to create the César E. Chávez National Monument.
National Park Service Director Jonathan B. Jarvis, who joined the President and Salazar at La Paz for the ceremony, said “César Chávez was one of the most influential Latino leaders of the twentieth century. The contributions he made are an important part of the American story and we are honored to be entrusted with the responsibility to preserve this place and share its history to inspire future generations. We are grateful for the support the National Park Foundation is providing to ensure that the Chávez monument is open for visitors from day one.”
The monument will be the fourth national monument designated by President Obama using the Antiquities Act. The President previously designated Fort Monroe National Monument in Virginia, a former Army post integral to the history of slavery, the Civil War, and the U.S. military; Fort Ord National Monument in California, a former military base that is a world-class destination for outdoor recreation; and Chimney Rock, which is located in the San Juan National Forest in southwestern Colorado and offers a spectacular landscape rich in history and Native American culture. First exercised by President Theodore Roosevelt in 1906 to designate Devils Tower National Monument in Wyoming, the authority of the Antiquities Act has been used by 16 presidents since 1906 to protect unique natural and historic features in America, such as the Grand Canyon, the Statue of Liberty, and Colorado's Canyons of the Ancients.
The American Latino Heritage Fund (ALHF) of the National Park Foundation, the official charity of America's national parks, has donated $150,000 to support the initial operations of the Chávez monument. The ALHF supports the work of the National Park Service in preserving historic places that tell a more inclusive story of American Latinos' economic, civic and cultural contributions to the American experience.
La Paz became headquarters to the United Farm Workers of America in the early 1970s when the UFW, under the leadership of Chávez, bought the former rock quarry and tuberculosis sanatorium. From La Paz, Chávez and other leaders of the UFW orchestrated unprecedented successes for hundreds of thousands of farmworkers, including passage of the first U.S. law that recognized farmworkers' collective bargaining rights. The site soon became a tangible symbol of the union's growth and the crossroads of the farm worker movement, a place where thousands of workers came to learn how to operate their union, affect social change, and plan their strategies.
Ruben Andrade, a native of California, has been named acting superintendent of the new monument. Andrade, currently superintendent of Minuteman Missile National Historic Site in South Dakota, is the son of farm laborers and worked in the fields himself during school breaks.
“My family and I know firsthand the hard-fought accomplishments that are the legacy of César Chávez,” said Andrade. “To now have the opportunity to lead this new national park established in his honor and to work with the National Chávez Center to tell the story of Chávez and the farmworker movement, is both humbling and exhilarating.”
César E. Chávez National Monument is located at 29700 Woodford-Tehachapi Road in Keene, California, approximately 30 miles southeast of Bakersfield. The site is open to the public daily from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. For more information, visit the César E. Chávez National Monument website at www.nps.gov/cech.
Other buildings on the La Paz campus will continue to be operated by the United Farm Workers Union, the César Chávez Foundation and the National Chávez Center.