Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Salazar Announces Final Approval for Christo's Over The River Art Installation in Colorado
Office of the Secretary
Bureau of Land Management Issues Record of Decision
WASHINGTON –The Department of the Interior today announced that the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Royal Gorge Field Office has released the Record of Decision (ROD) approving the Over The River™ (OTR) temporary art installation. The project, proposed by the artist Christo, will include suspending eight fabric panel segments totaling 5.9 miles within a 42-mile stretch of the Arkansas River in Colorado.
“After careful consideration of the potential impact to the Arkansas River and the wildlife and plants that inhabit this beautiful area, we believe that steps have been taken to mitigate the environmental effects of this one-of-a-kind project,” said Secretary Salazar. “Drawing visitors to Colorado to see this work will support jobs in the tourism industry and bring attention to the tremendous outdoor recreation opportunities in this area.
Over The River is estimated to generate $121 million in economic output and draw 400,000 visitors during construction and display. The construction is anticipated to begin in 2012, culminating in a two-week display in August 2014. The OTR Corp has projected a cost $50 million for construction that will be covered by the project proponent.
“We applaud Christo and his late wife, Jeanne-Claude, for their perseverance to create this wonderful artwork in the Arkansas River Valley,” said Colorado Governor John Hickenlooper. “Over The River will bring tremendous cultural and economic benefits to Colorado and Coloradans and valuable exposure to our state's natural beauty.”
In the ROD, the BLM selects the preferred alternative identified in the Final Environmental Impact Statement, which was released on July 29, 2011. The selected alternative is alternative 1A, the artists' proposal, with substantial mitigation measures to protect resources and public safety.
“Thanks to the input of the public and many other local and state agencies, this decision mitigates the environmental impacts that will occur, allowing a truly unique project to move forward,” BLM Director Bob Abbey said.
The adopted mitigation measures are the result of significant cooperative efforts between the BLM, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Colorado Department of Natural Resources, Colorado Department of Transportation, Colorado State Patrol, State Historic Preservation Office and Chaffee and Fremont counties. The project is expected to provide substantial economic benefit to Colorado while protecting and preserving the natural and human resources of Bighorn Sheep Canyon. The project will offer a unique recreational experience in the river corridor while balancing resource protection and tourism.
The BLM will continue to work cooperatively with the various regulatory agencies involved on event management planning and implementation.
Colorado Parks and Wildlife approved the OTR project in June 2011. The BLM jointly manages the Arkansas Headwaters Recreation Area with Colorado Parks and Wildlife.
The BLM Arkansas River is recognized as one of the nation's most popular locations for commercial and private whitewater rafting and kayaking. The river's scenic corridor features abundant wildlife, including a population of bighorn sheep. The area attracts more than 740,000 visitors per year.
A fact sheet on the project's mitigation measures is HERE.