Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Interior and NOAA Welcome National Academy of Sciences Report on the California Bay Delta Conservation Plan
Office of the Secretary
WASHINGTON, D.C. – Deputy Secretary of the Interior David J. Hayes and NOAA Administrator Dr. Jane Lubchenco today issued the following statements regarding the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) report on the use of science and adaptive management in California's Bay Delta Conservation Plan (BDCP).
“The report and recommendations of the National Academy of Sciences confirms the importance of a sound science foundation for the BDCP and provides useful guidance as the plan is further developed to meet the twin goals of restoring the California Bay-Delta ecosystem and protecting the reliability of water supplies,” said Deputy Secretary Hayes. “We are grateful for the Academy's timely review of the BDCP interim progress report and have already made significant progress on many of the areas of concern raised by the Academy. We look forward to working with stakeholders, our federal family and the State of California to ensure that the panel's recommendations are fully considered as the BDCP plan progresses.”
“As a science agency, NOAA greatly values the NAS input on key scientific and structural issues and we are pleased the report emphasizes the importance of foundational science to develop a successful and enduring BDCP,” said Jane Lubchenco, Ph.D., Under Secretary of Commerce for Oceans and Atmosphere and NOAA Administrator.
As part of its review, the NAS report cited with approval the approach to addressing scientific uncertainties undertaken by NOAA in its major biological opinion governing the operation of the system of Federal dams in the Columbia Basin. "We are gratified for the Academy's support for our thorough and disciplined scientific approach to evaluating the strategies for rebuilding salmon runs in the Columbia Basin," said Lubchenco. “We look forward to opportunities to share these approaches with our partners in the BDCP in order to strengthen the scientific foundations of the Bay Delta Plan."
The BDCP is a collaborative effort by state, federal, water user and environmental partners for protecting the reliability of water supplies, restoring the California Bay-Delta ecosystem, and providing species/habitat protection.
The NAS report examined the interim progress report on the BDCP issued by the Steering Committee in November 2010. Since the November 2010 draft was released, stakeholders and consultants have been working to create or further develop many of the plan's elements, including adaptive management, plan goals and objectives, effects analysis, and overall management structure.