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Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Interior Department Invites Industry Interest in Potential Oil and Gas Lease Sale in Alaska's Cook Inlet
WASHINGTON —The Department of the Interior, as part of the Obama Administration's focus on expanding responsible oil and gas development, is seeking input from industry to determine interest in oil and gas exploration off the coast of South-Central Alaska – a key step in the planning process for a potential oil and natural gas lease sale in the Cook Inlet Planning Area. This is the latest step by the Obama Administration towards responsible production in Alaska's offshore areas, and builds on broader steps to increase responsible production in Alaska.
“Today's announcement is part of our commitment to increasing safe and responsible domestic oil and gas production as part of an all-of-the-above energy strategy for America,” said Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar. “We will continue to support efforts to safely expand offshore oil and gas exploration, using the best science to assess where recoverable resources lie and providing industry with abundant opportunity to lease and develop areas that contain those resources.”
The Department's Proposed Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Oil and Gas Leasing Program for 2012-2017, which makes federal offshore areas containing more than 75 percent of estimated undiscovered, technically recoverable oil and gas resources on the U.S. OCS available for exploration and development, includes one potential special-interest lease sale in the Cook Inlet Planning Area (Sale 244). A special-interest lease sale first asks operators to nominate specific tracts in the planning area they potentially would be interested in exploring and developing through a Request for Interest (RFI). This initial request asks industry, the public, and key stakeholders about geologic, biological, archaeological, subsistence and/or or socio-economic conditions that might bear on potential leasing and development decisions.
“This is the first step in a careful process designed both to gauge industry interest in oil and gas exploration in the Cook Inlet Planning Area, and to develop information about the potential effects of that activity,” said BOEM Director Tommy P. Beaudreau. “Through this process, BOEM will consider a range of important factors including industry interest, resource potential, and the need to protect and respect Alaska's communities and unique environments. Any future decisions regarding a lease sale in this planning area will be based on rigorous science and stakeholder input.”
The publication of this RFI does not indicate a decision to lease in the Cook Inlet Planning Area. BOEM will not make a decision about any potential lease sale before finalizing the 2012–2017 OCS Oil and Gas Leasing Program, and determining whether there is adequate interest in holding this sale and conducting thorough environmental reviews.
If BOEM moves forward with planning for the potential sale, the bureau will then conduct environmental review and consultation under the National Environmental Policy Act and other laws. BOEM will remain in close coordination with the state of Alaska, as well as with local and Native Alaskan governments, and other stakeholders throughout this process.
Between 1978 and 1985, 13 exploration wells were drilled in the federal waters of the Cook Inlet Planning Area. Currently, there are no active oil or gas exploration or development facilities in the federal waters there. The area's state waters contain 16 production platforms, 12 of which are currently active.