Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Fish and Wildlife Service Announces Work Plan to Restore Biological Priorities and Certainty to Endangered Species Listing Process
Washington, DC – The Department of the Interior's U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service today unveiled a work plan that will allow the agency to focus its resources on the species most in need of protection under the Endangered Species Act (ESA).
The Service is filing the work plan today in a consolidated case in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia as part of a proposed agreement with one of the agency's most frequent plaintiffs. The work plan, if approved by the Court, will enable the agency to systematically, over a period of six years, review and address the needs of more than 250 species now on the list of candidates for protection under the ESA to determine if they should be added to the Federal Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants.
“In the more than 35 years since its passage, the Endangered Species Act has proved to be a critical safety net for America's imperiled fish, wildlife, and plants,” said Deputy Secretary of the Interior David J. Hayes. “For the first time in years, this work plan will give the wildlife professionals of the Fish and Wildlife Service the opportunity to put the needs of species first and extend that safety net to those truly in need of protection, rather than having our workload driven by the courts. It will also give states, stakeholders, and the public much-needed certainty.”
Under the work plan announced today, the Service has laid out a schedule for making listing determinations for species that have been identified as candidates for listing, as well as for a number of species that have been petitioned for protection under the ESA. If agreed to by the Court, this plan will enable the Service to again prioritize its workload based on the needs of candidate species, while also providing state wildlife agencies, stakeholders, and other partners clarity and certainty about when listing determinations will be made.
“This work plan will serve as a catalyst to move past the gridlock and acrimony of the past several years, enabling us to be more efficient and effective in both getting species on the list and working with our partners to recover those species and get them off the list as soon as possible,” said Acting Service Director Rowan Gould. “This is just the first step in our efforts to actively engage conservation partners and the public in the search for improved and innovative ways to conserve and recover imperiled species.”
The Service's highest priority is to make implementation of the ESA less complex, less contentious, and more effective. Gould noted that at the direction of Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar, the Service has begun a review of its implementation of the ESA designed to identify ways to eliminate unnecessary procedural requirements; improve the clarity and consistency of regulations; engage the states, tribes, conservation organizations, and private landowners as more effective conservation partners; encourage greater creativity in the implementation of the Act; and reduce the frequency and intensity of conflicts as much as possible.
A candidate species is one for which the agency has determined that a proposal to list is warranted. The Service maintains a Candidate List that is reviewed annually.
The Endangered Species Act was enacted in 1973 to protect plants and animal species facing extinction. The ESA currently protects more than 1,300 species in the U.S. and about 570 species abroad. The law allows citizens, groups, and government agencies to petition for species to be protected under the ESA, and sets specific statutory timelines for responding to those petitions. Unlike many other federal laws, the ESA contains a broad “citizen suit” provision enabling groups and individuals to sue to enforce these deadlines established under the ESA.
The Candidate List was originally envisioned as an administrative tool that would identify species for which the Service would shortly make listing determinations. But as the Listing Program became inundated with petitions and lawsuits, species began to accumulate on the list. The sheer volume and mandatory nature of court orders, settlement-agreement obligations, and statutory deadlines related to petition findings and other listing-related litigation has threatened to consume most of the Service's available funding and staff. In the last four years, the Service has been petitioned to list more than 1,230 species, nearly as many species as have been listed during the previous 30 years of administering the ESA. After numerous lawsuits were filed with respect to these petitions, the Service initiated the consolidation and transfer of pending lawsuits from a number of different district courts to the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia. This consolidation allowed us to have a single forum in which to resolve comprehensively and efficiently the conflicting demands on the listing program.
The Service's ability to address the backlog of more than 250 candidate species and ensure the orderly and timely listing of species under the Endangered Species Act is in direct proportion to the agency's ability to balance that workload with other Listing Program duties. The agreement, reached with WildEarth Guardians, would enable the Service to restore that balance if approved by the court.
If the Service determines that listing is warranted for a species, the agency will propose that species for listing and allow the public to review and comment on the proposal before making a final determination. A list of these candidate species is available at http://www.fws.gov/endangered/improving_ESA/listing_workplan.html.
Ensuring that threatened and endangered species continue to be protected and recovered requires effective implementation of the ESA that is responsive to both the needs of imperiled resources and the concerns of citizens. The Service has developed a variety of tools and programs to help landowners fashion a conservation strategy for listed and candidate species that is consistent with their land-management objectives and needs. These tools include Habitat Conservation Plans and Candidate Conservation Agreements that provide regulatory assurance, technical assistance, and a grants program that funds conservation projects by private landowners, states, and territories.
America's fish, wildlife and plant resources belong to all of us, and ensuring the health of imperiled species is a shared responsibility. To learn more about the Service's Endangered Species program and tools available to landowners, go to http://www.fws.gov/endangered/.
The mission of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants, and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. We are both a leader and trusted partner in fish and wildlife conservation, known for our scientific excellence, stewardship of lands and natural resources, dedicated professionals, and commitment to public service. For more information on our work and the people who make it happen, visit http://www.fws.gov. Connect with our Facebook page at www.facebook.com/usfws, follow our tweets at http://www.twitter.com/usfwshq, watch our YouTube Channel at http://www.youtube.com/usfws and download photos from our Flickr page at http://www.flickr.com/photos/usfwshq.