Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
USGS Releases Remote Sensing Data on Annual Biological Cycles: Salazar Announces Satellite Data on Nature's Timing Can Help Track Climate Change
Last edited 4/25/2016
WASHINGTON, D.C.--The USGS has made its long-term historical remote sensing data and graphics about biological life-cycle events available to the public at no charge on the web, Secretary of the Interior Salazar announced today.
“These historical datasets, along with continuous monitoring, hold the promise of helping scientists detect how climate change, wildfire, land use change, and other phenomena alter the timing of plant and animal life cycle events," the Secretary noted following his testimony about energy and climate change before the Senate Environment and Public Works Committee.
Orbiting hundreds of miles above the earth, remote sensing satellites track plant and animal life cycle events that occur at certain times of the year, such as plant leafing and flowering or bird migrations. The scientific term for the study of these recurring life cycle events is phenology. Many phenological events are sensitive to climatic variation and change, and observing these events – for example, noting when certain plant species flower (such as lilacs) compared to a long-term norm – can help scientists understand environmental trends so society can better adapt to climate change.
Dating back to 1989, the USGS historical datasets provide a widely accessible and impartial record (at one-kilometer resolution) of the time of year that measurable cyclic events in nature have occurred over the conterminous United States. These historical remote sensing phenology data for the conterminous United States can be accessed online at http://phenology.cr.usgs.gov/get_data.php. The data are acquired from satellites and then compiled and maintained at the USGS-EROS Center in Sioux Falls, S.D.
“With its long-term observational networks, extensive databases, and diverse research expertise, the USGS is helping provide the broad scientific perspective needed to expand our understanding of climate change and its impact on the nation's resources and economy,” said Secretary Salazar.
Satellite data provide a unique perspective of the planet and allow for regular, even daily, monitoring of the entire global land surface, according to Jonathan H. Smith, USGS coordinator for the Geographic Analysis and Monitoring Program. “What's more, because data collection by satellite sensors can be standardized, the data are reliably objective,” he points out.
“Remote sensing phenology,” Smith continued, “can reveal broad-scale phenological trends that would be difficult, if not impossible, to detect from the ground.”
The USA National Phenology Network (NPN) brings together citizen scientists, government agencies, non-profit groups, educators and students of all ages to monitor and record by personal observation the impacts of climate change on plants and animals, providing powerful "ground truthing" of the satellite phenology data from local to global scales. Learn more at http://www.usanpn.org.
“The broad view of satellites from high above Earth complements and reinforces human observations of similar natural events on the ground,” observed Jake Weltzin, USGS biologist and Executive Director of the USA National Phenology Network. “In turn, human observations provide a literal reality check – ‘ground truth' is the trade term – that can be used to evaluate, or validate, the satellite data. You could even say there's a certain satellite-citizen symbiosis at work.”