Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Secretary Salazar Examines Options for Re-Opening Crown In Visit to Statue of Liberty
Discusses Safety and Access Issues with Congressional Delegation
Last edited 4/25/2016
Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar inspects the stairway to the crown of Lady Liberty during his visit to the statue. [Photo Credit: Tami Heilemann, DOI-NBC]
NEW YORK HARBOR, NY—Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar today toured the Statue of Liberty National Monument and Ellis Island to assess safety and accessibility issues at the national park sites in New York Harbor. Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ), Rep. Anthony Weiner (D-NY) and Rep. Albio Sires (D-NJ) accompanied the Secretary.
“The Statue of Liberty is unique among our national parks as a symbol of freedom not only to Americans but also to people around the world,” Secretary Salazar said. “As a U.S. Senator and now as Secretary of the Interior, I believe the crown should be re-opened to the public if at all possible. I am here today to tour the statue and promise to work hard with the National Park Service to explore all feasible alternatives to reopening it.”
“We will explore all opportunities to re-open the crown while reducing risk to the public,” the Secretary emphasized. “I hope we can find a way. It would proclaim to the world – both figuratively and literally – that the path to the light of liberty is open to all.”
The Secretary also visited Ellis Island. Following the tragic events of Sept. 11, 2001, the National Park Service closed both the statue and Ellis Island to visitors. The Ellis Island Immigration Museum and Liberty Island were reopened on Dec. 20, 2001. The National Park Service conducted additional health and safety evaluations of both Liberty Island and the statue. After significant modifications to the pedestal and the addition of screening for visitors, access to the pedestal was re-opened in 2004. The crown, however, has remained closed.
The primary reason for the closure has been concern about the health and safety of visitors. The crown is accessible only by a narrow 168-step double-helix spiral staircase. The Park Service, which has responsibility to keep visitors safe and make it possible for them to evacuate in the event of an emergency, deemed the risk too high to re-open the crown to the public.
In 2008 Senator Salazar joined Senator Menendez and other Members of Congress in asking the National Park Service to conduct a study to determine what physical changes would be required to bring the statue's interior into compliance with safety and fire codes. If compliance is not possible, the study must determine how the National Park Service could minimize the safety risks to visitors, staff and emergency personnel.
A contract was awarded to Hughes Associates, a firm based in Baltimore, to conduct the study. The final report, expected mid-April 2009, will evaluate potential alternatives and cost estimates for accommodating public access in the statue's interior up to and including the crown.
Meanwhile, the National Park Service is working to establish an integrated alternative transportation system among the parks in the area to significantly enhance visitor access and experience.