Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Biodiversity Heritage Library Ten major natural history museum libraries, botanical libraries, and research institutions have joined to form the Biodiversity Heritage Library Project. The group is developing a strategy and operational plan to digitize the published literature of biodiversity held in their respective collections.
Botanicus Digital Library Freely accessible digitized historic botanical literature from the Missouri Botanical Garden Library. The Library has been digitizing its materials since 1995, focusing primarily on beautifully illustrated volumes from its rare book collection.
E-Journals Provides access to leading botany, plant biology and science journals.
Ecology and Society An electronic, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of current research.
Fact Sheets and Plant Guides Produced by the the National Plant Data Center and the Plant Materials Program of the Natural Resources Conservation Service.
Flora of North America The Flora of North America presents information on the names, taxonomic relationships, continent-wide distributions, and morphological characteristics of all plants native and naturalized found in North America north of Mexico. It will eventually reach 30 volumes and will be available in print and on the Web.
Global Invasive Species Database This database is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group of the Species Survival Commission of the IUCN-World Conservation Union. It was developed as part of the global initiative on invasive species led by the Global Invasive Species Programme and is supported through partnerships with the National Biological Information Infrastructure, Manaaki Whenua-Landcare Research, the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, the University of Auckland and private donations.
ING: Index Nominum Genericorum A compilation of generic names published for all organisms covered by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, sponsored by the U.S. National Herbarium, Department of Botany Smithsonian Institution.
Invasive.org The overall objective of Invasive.org is to provide an accessible and easily used archive of high quality images related to invasive and exotic species, with particular emphasis on educational applications.
Kew Bibliographic Databases This is a combined searching tool giving you access to three databases: The Kew Record of Taxonomic Literature, the Plant Micromorphological Bibliographic Database and the Economic Botany Bibliographic Database. It is provided by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
National Wetland Plant List A national effort led by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to update the North American Digital Flora: National Wetland Plant List (NWPL). The NWPL is used extensively in wetland delineation, wetland restoration and research, and the development of compensatory mitigation goals, as well as in providing general botanical information about wetland plants. It covers all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. Caribbean and Pacific islands that are considered to be territories of the U.S.
Updating the NWPL has been a cooperative effort of the Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Natural Resources Conservation Service, The Biota of North America, states, Indian Nations, the academic community, and the scientific portion of the public.
Plant Facts PlantFacts has merged several digital collections developed at Ohio State University to become an international knowledge bank and multimedia learning center. It includes a concentrated Internet search engine dealing strictly with plants: over 39,000 pages of information from every land-grant university in the U.S. and several government institutions across Canada.
Plant Information Online A service of the University of Minnesota Libraries, Plant Information Online is a collection of databases that especially focuses on cultivated plants and plant/seed sources, with contact information for nearly 2,500 seed and nursery firms. It has a large index of plant images and information from some 600 books and magazines.
PLANTS Database Provides standardized information on vascular plants, mosses, liverworts, hornworts, and lichens of the U.S. and its territories
Environmental History Bibliography For over 50 years the Forest History Society has monitored the world of publishing for items written as history and dealing with the utilization, management, and appreciation of our forest related resources. Their work has been called the world's most comprehensive collection of bibliographic information pertaining to forest and conservation history.
Forestry Databases Find bibliographic citations and links to research in four separate databases: Social Sciences in Forestry; Trail Planning, Construction and Maintenance; Tropical Forest Conservation and Development; and Urban Forestry. Produced by the University of Minnesota Forestry Library.
U.S. Forest Service History Prepared by the Forest History Society, this site incorporates original documents and photographs, as well as bibliographic references.
RangeBiome: A Public Rangeland Almanac This is an assemblage of natural resource and environmental links, tools, news, and views for improving the ecological conditions of public rangeland ecosystems.
Rangelands West Produced by the Agriculture Network Information Center (AgNIC)
Sustainable Rangelands Roundtable The Roundtable is a venue for communication, discussion and dialogue about developing a national sustainability indicator set and models for rangelands. Participants include private individuals, conservation organizations, land trusts, tribes, state and local governments and corporate and private landowners.
Endangered Species Related Laws, Regulations, Policies and Notices Collected by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) share responsibility for administration of the Endangered Species Act (ESA). We have issued internal guidance and national policies to promote efficiency and nationwide consistency in implementing the ESA to conserve and recover listed species of plants and animals native to the U.S. and its territories.
Environmental Conservation Online System A product of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Includes links to lists of all threatened and endangered animals and plants, reclassified species, and delisted species; critical habitats, success stories, information on fish passage, and interactive maps.
Protected Planet Website developed by the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Protected Planet is the online public interface for the World Database on Protected Areas, the most comprehensive global database on terrestrial and marine protected areas. Protected Planet allows users to discover the world's protected areas through maps, photos and descriptions.
Directories of Web Sites on Plants, Forestry, and Range Management
BEN: BioSciEdNet Digital Library portal for teaching and learning in the biological sciences. A National Science Digital Library pathway, sponsored by the American Association for the Advancement of Science and funded by the National Science Foundation.
Botany WWW Sites Sites listed are selected by the University of Florida Herbarium
Forestry AgNIC Forestry AgNIC is a gateway to a wide range of forestry and related information found on the Internet. Use it to search for links to web sites, image collections, lists of publications, documents, databases, and other unique resources.