Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Attorneys are responsible for knowing the precedential value of a case, statute or regulation before relying upon it in argument or in a legal pleading. To determine the precedential value of a legal authority, you need to Shepardize its citation in order to determine its history and subsequent treatment by the courts. Subsequent treatment information includes citations to citing cases, law review articles and relevant American Law Report annotations.
One can Shepardize a wide range of legal documents, including Federal and state court cases, Federal and state legislation, Restatements of Law, Uniform Laws Annotated, Code of Federal Regulations and law review articles. One can use Lexis-Nexis to Shepardize cases and statutes by clicking on "Check a Citation" in the Main Search Screen or by clicking on Shepardize® while reviewing case law citations or text.
The Library maintains three print sets of Shepard's Citators:
Shepard's Acts and Cases by Popular Name (KF90 .S52 - Deck 4, Aisle 10A)
Shepard's Acts and Cases by Popular Name allows users to locate Federal and state statutes by their popular names. This set yields public law, Statutes at Large and U.S. Code cites for Federal legislation and state code cites for state legislation.
Shepard's CFR Citations allows users to locate Federal and state case law that has construed the meaning of Federal regulations. This set also yields law review articles and American Law Report annotations that discuss the pertinent regulations.
Shepard's United States Administrative Citations provides a compilation of citations regarding the decisions and orders of various Federal administrative departments, courts, boards and commissions. Users will locate parallel cites to administrative decisions in topical looseleaf services and citations to later Federal, administrative and state cases that cite and construe the earlier decisions. Typical administrative decision titles that are Shepardized by this set include:
American Maritime Cases
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
Customs Bulletin/U.S. Customs Service Treasury decisions
Custom Court and Rules Decisions
Decisions of the Department of Interior
Decisions of the Department of Interior, Public Lands
Federal Communication Commission Decisions
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Decisions
Federal Power Commission Decisions
Federal Trade Commission Decisions
Interstate Commerce Commission Reports
Motor Carrier Cases
Opinions of the Attorney General of the United States
Security and Exchange Commission Decisions and Reports