A rugged, whitewater river flowing northward through deep canyons, the New River is among the oldest rivers on the continent. New River Gorge National River in West Virginia encompasses over 70,000 acres of land along the New River, is rich in cultural and natural history, and offers an abundance of scenic and recreational opportunities.
Big Southern Butte is one of two domes rising from a sea of basalt near the center of the eastern Snake River Plain in Idaho. The butte is one of the largest volcanic domes in the world, but at 300,000 years old it is also one of the youngest. Hikers who trek to the 7,550-foot high summit are rewarded with spectacular panoramic views. Photo by Devin Englestead, BLM Upper Snake Wildlife Biologist.
First light at Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge in New Mexico. Established in November 22, 1939, the refuge has provided a critical stopover and wintering spot for thousands of sandhill cranes, geese and other waterfowl for 75 years. Bosque del Apache's sandhill crane population has multiplied from 18 birds in the 1840s to more than 20,000 birds today. Photo by Kim Hang Dessoliers (www.sharetheexperience.org).
Attorneys are responsible for knowing the precedential value of a case, statute or regulation before relying upon it in argument or in a legal pleading. To determine the precedential value of a legal authority, you need to Shepardize its citation in order to determine its history and subsequent treatment by the courts. Subsequent treatment information includes citations to citing cases, law review articles and relevant American Law Report annotations.
One can Shepardize a wide range of legal documents, including Federal and state court cases, Federal and state legislation, Restatements of Law, Uniform Laws Annotated, Code of Federal Regulations and law review articles. One can use Lexis-Nexis to Shepardize cases and statutes by clicking on "Check a Citation" in the Main Search Screen or by clicking on Shepardize® while reviewing case law citations or text.
The Library maintains three print sets of Shepard's Citators:
Shepard's Acts and Cases by Popular Name (KF90 .S52 - Deck 4, Aisle 10A)
Shepard's Acts and Cases by Popular Name allows users to locate Federal and state statutes by their popular names. This set yields public law, Statutes at Large and U.S. Code cites for Federal legislation and state code cites for state legislation.
Shepard's CFR Citations allows users to locate Federal and state case law that has construed the meaning of Federal regulations. This set also yields law review articles and American Law Report annotations that discuss the pertinent regulations.
Shepard's United States Administrative Citations provides a compilation of citations regarding the decisions and orders of various Federal administrative departments, courts, boards and commissions. Users will locate parallel cites to administrative decisions in topical looseleaf services and citations to later Federal, administrative and state cases that cite and construe the earlier decisions. Typical administrative decision titles that are Shepardized by this set include:
American Maritime Cases
Court of Customs and Patent Appeals
Customs Bulletin/U.S. Customs Service Treasury decisions
Custom Court and Rules Decisions
Decisions of the Department of Interior
Decisions of the Department of Interior, Public Lands
Federal Communication Commission Decisions
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Decisions
Federal Power Commission Decisions
Federal Trade Commission Decisions
Interstate Commerce Commission Reports
Motor Carrier Cases
Opinions of the Attorney General of the United States
Security and Exchange Commission Decisions and Reports