On August 27, 2004, President Bush signed Homeland Security Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD-12), Policy for a Common Identification Standard for Federal Employees and Contractors. HSPD-12 directs the implementation of a new standardized badging process, which is designed to enhance security, reduce identity fraud, and protect personal privacy by establishing a mandatory, Government-wide standard for secure and reliable forms of identification issued by the Federal Government to its employees, contractors, and “other” class of individuals. The Department of the Interior began implementing the HSPD-12 program department wide on October 27, 2005.
Along with this new process are new requirements:
The PIV-I process contains critical roles associated with identity proofing, registration, and credential issuance. They are: the Applicant, the Sponsor, the Registrar, and the Issuer. The roles of the Applicant, Sponsor, Registrar, and Issuer are mutually exclusive; no individual shall hold more than one of these roles in the identity proofing and registration process for one applicant. These roles may be ancillary roles assigned to personnel who have other primary duties.
Each PIV-I role and its corresponding responsibilities are listed below. The following roles shall be employed for the PIV-I identity proofing, registration, and issuance process: