Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
What does the Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List do?
The Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List, to be maintained and housed within ONHR, is designed to assist the DOI and other agencies to locate and communicate with interested Native Hawaiian organizations.
It is hoped that the Notification List will promote greater networking and articulation among all Native Hawaiian organizations. The basic assumption being that the more Native Hawaiian organizations know about each other and about federal actions in Hawaii, the better opportunities there will be for increasing lokahi, collaboration and ho'opono whenever action is needed by na kanaka maoli and na poki'i.
The Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List may assist other Federal agency officials with their reasonable and good faith efforts to identify Native Hawaiian organizations that are to be notified or consulted when required by statute or when otherwise desired by the agency.
The Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List is voluntary, and Native Hawaiian organizations are not required to participate in the Notification List. However, it is anticipated that Federal agencies will rely on this list.
The placement of an organization on the Notification List shall not be construed as recognition by the Federal Government that the organization is a governmental, tribal, or other similar type of entity.
The placement of an organization on the Notification List is not intended to, and does not confer, any substantive or procedural right, benefit, or privilege enforceable at law or in equity, which is not otherwise available to the organization by law, by any party against the United States, its agencies or instrumentalities, its officers or employees, or any other person.
The Notification List is created as a convenience for the U.S. Government and Native Hawaiian organizations. It does not provide a basis for legal action against the U.S. Government.
How Does a Native Hawaiian Organization apply to be on the Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List?
An organization must certify in writing to ONHR the following:
The organization serves and represents the interests of Native Hawaiians;
The organization has as a primary and stated purpose the provision of services to Native Hawaiians;
The organization has expertise in Native Hawaiian affairs; and
The organization would like to be placed on the Notification List.
The certification must be signed and dated by the organization’s governing body and include a valid U.S. mailing address where the organization wants notifications to be sent.
The request may also include the organization’s topical and geographic areas of interest.
If the certification from the organization is incomplete, the organization may not be listed.
It is a violation of Federal law to make false, fictitious, or fraudulent statements to the Federal Government.
Send the certification to: Ka’i’ini K. Kaloi, Director, Office of Native Hawaiian Relations, 1849 C Street NW. MS 3557, Washington, DC 20240.
How Long Does Registration on the Notification List Last?
Placement on the list is valid for five years. Placement automatically expires at the end of five years, measured from the date the organization was placed on the Notification List or last had its membership renewed, whichever is more recent. The ONHR will notify the organization at the last listed address of the need to renew their membership on the Notification List.
How Will DOI Manage and Provide Public Notification of the List?
The DOI will maintain the Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List and will periodically update it.
The ONHR will publish on the DOI website the names and contact information of the listed Native Hawaiian organizations. The information contained therein will be updated periodically.
Copies of the Notification List and instructions outlining how to become a listed organization will also be available online or may be requested from the ONHR.
How Will Listed Native Hawaiian Organizations Be Notified of Federal Actions?
Agency officials who are seeking to consult with Native Hawaiian organizations regarding a NAGPRA or NHPA action should notify those Native Hawaiian organizations on the Notification List.
The notification should:
Be sent to the address listed on the Native Hawaiian Organization Notification List;
Outline the Federal action to take place that will affect Native Hawaiians;
Provide a point of contact within the acting agency for the Native Hawaiian organization where inquiries may be sent.
What Must a Listed Native Hawaiian Organization Do in Order to Remain on the Notification List?
To remain on the Notification List, Native Hawaiian organizations must submit a written request at least every five years. It is the responsibility of the organization to notify the ONHR of changes to its U.S. mailing address.
The request to remain on the Notification List must be sent to the DOI, ONHR, at least 30 days before the organization’s listing expires.
The request to remain on the Notification List must include a certification, signed and dated by the organization’s governing body, that includes:
The organization’s current contact information, including a valid U.S. mailing address;
A statement that the organization meets the criteria listed above in 2(1)(i)-(iii); and
A statement that it is the official position of the organization to remain on the Notification List.
If the information submitted by an organization to update its registration is incomplete, the organization may not remain listed.
If an organization does not provide a satisfactory update every five years, registration on the Notification List will automatically expire. Registration automatically expires at the end of five years measured from the date the organization was placed on the Notification List or the date the organization last submitted a written request to remain on the Notification List, whichever is more recent.
How Does an Organization Voluntarily Remove its Name from the Notification List?
If an organization wants to be removed from the Notification List prior to the automatic expiration date, the organization must send a signed and dated written statement from the organization’s governing body affirmatively requesting removal from the Notification List.
After receipt of the removal request, the ONHR will remove the organization during the periodic update of the Notification List.