Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
"Founded in 1997, under a memorandum of understanding with the Department of the Interior. To denote program resources to our retirees and current employees under DOI."
Authority to determine coverage is delegated to the Department of the Interior (DOI). The Bureau FF/LEO Retirement Specialist works with employees and servicing personnel offices to submit recommendations for coverage to DOI.
Established by Department of the Interior (DOI) in 1997, the purpose of FLERT is two-fold: (1) to provide a consistent administration of retirement provisions within the Department of the Interior; and (2) develop a process for handling firefighter and law enforcement retirement that is efficient; done in accordance with the law; serves the interests of the employees covered by the special retirement system; and is done in accordance with best management practices.
FLERT primarily receives, reviews, and processes position descriptions for a coverage determination. If coverage for the PD is denied by the Secretary or his/her Designee, the denial letter is returned to the FLERT office which is subsequently sent to the Servicing Personnel Office (SPO) with guidance to the employee(s) encumbering the position to file for reconsideration if he/she does not agree with the final determination. If an employee encumbers a non-covered PD, he/she must file, within six months, a formal written request for a determination (RFD) for the non-covered position, therein providing evidence to support the requirements found in C.F.R. § 843.804.
FLERT also maintains position and individual FF/LEO records for the: Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Bureau of Reclamation, Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, Office of Aircraft Services, the Inspector General's Office and DOI National offices.
PD Submission Process:
The SPO should submit the position description with a recommendation for the type of coverage requested (e.g., primary or secondary) to FLERT. A certification sheet is formulated then circulated to the Bureau Program Designee and then forwarded to the Secretary or his/her Designee for review and final determination.If the requested coverage is approved, that will end the review process. A Copy of the signed certification sheet is then sent to the SPO. For further guidance see: