Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
DOINews: Montana/Dakotas and Bureau of Reclamation: Upper Missouri River Highlighted In America's Great Outdoors Rivers Initiative
Assistant Secretary for Water and Science Anne Castle joins BLM river rangers for group photo during a tour of the Upper Missouri Wild and Scenic River on July 26. (From left, Mark Schaefer, BLM; Nichole Lister, BLM; Castle; and Aaron Conway, BLM.) Photo by BLM.)
FORT BENTON, Mont. – Department of the Interior Assistant Secretary for Water and Science Anne Castle and her deputy assistant John Tubbs saw firsthand on Thursday, July 26, what hard work and collaboration by multiple partners – federal, state, and local – can accomplish. The pair toured a small segment of the 149-mile Upper Missouri Wild and Scenic River to learn about ongoing projects that promote riparian restoration and cottonwood recovery along the river corridor. Representatives were on hand from the Bureau of Land Management; Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Geological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Montana State Department of Natural Resources and Conservation, Missouri River Conservation Districts, and Friends of the Monument.
The BLM officials – Montana/Dakotas Associate State Director Kate Kitchell and Central Montana District Manager Stan Benes – hosted the day's event that ended with a tour of the Missouri Breaks Interpretive Center located in Fort Benton.
“The Missouri Breaks Monument is living proof that conservation is indeed a part of the BLM's multiple-use mission,” Kitchell said. “It's a priority of Secretary Salazar to conserve and restore key rivers across the nation, expand outdoor recreational opportunities, and support jobs in local communities. The BLM, with the help of its partners, is doing just that."
The Bureau of Reclamation's Platte River Recovery Implementation Program in Nebraska and the San Juan River Habitat Restoration in New Mexico are also key parts of the Great Outdoors Rivers Initiative. Together, these projects will work to improve habitat for the recovery of endangered species, such as, whooping cranes, interior least terns, piping ploves, and pallid sturgeon, while also benefitting habitats on national parks, tribal and private lands enjoyed by outdoor recreationists.
For the past 10 years the Central Montana District of the BLM has worked diligently to improve riparian corridors along the Upper Missouri River. That effort has included changes in the grazing program, moving away from hot season grazing, and reducing numbers where trends were not in a positive direction. In July 2010, with the assistance of the National Riparian Service Team, a Proper Functioning Condition assessment was initiated to summarize riparian conditions along six reaches of the Upper Missouri River. All reaches were found to have riparian-wetland plant communities playing a key role in ecological function along the Upper Missouri River and, most importantly, to be functioning properly. Along with the riparian assessment was an interagency effort with the Bureau of Reclamation to assess the need for cottonwood restoration along the same reaches of the Upper Missouri River. A 12-year working partnership with USGS has provided solid science to assist in several cottonwood seedling planting proposals, along with a draft Memorandum of Understanding suggesting the benefit of releasing waters from several dams during high water event years to provide productive seedbeds for future cottonwood stands. Both efforts are ongoing.