Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
In the South Central United States, climate changes are already impacting natural and cultural resources, from increased maximum summer temperatures and extended droughts across the region to the effects of sea-level rise and coastal erosion. Spatial and temporal changes in the south central's climate are linked to changes in biodiversity; key wildlife feeding, breeding, and nesting habitats; water quantity and quality; wetland quality and extent; coastal erosion and inundation; stream sedimentation and flow; range and density of heritage and invasive species; cultural and natural landscapes; pathogen outbreaks; and health of ecosystem services.
The SC CSC has compiled a list of the 10 most frequently recognized science priorities or issues for South Central CSC conservation partners that will drive the CSC's regional science program (while the SC CSC research agenda is not limited to only these items, the list of priorities provides a framework for the center's annual planning process):
1. Climate Change Adaptation, Mitigation, Resiliency, and Vulnerability Assessments
2. Climate Change Effects on Ecosystems
3. Hydrologic Response to Climate Change
4. Climate Change Effect on Human Populations, Socioeconomics, Urbanization, Cultural Resources, and Agricultural Issues
5. Improved Monitoring Networks for Resources Affected by Climate Change and Management Actions
6. Improved Management and Sharing of Climate Change and Geospatial Data
7. Imperiled and Rare Communities and Invasive Species
8. Coastal Response to Sea-Level Rise and Changing Geomorphology
9. Biological Response to Climate Change and Disturbance, Conservation Design and Delivery
10. Land-Use and Land-Cover Change
The research direction taken by the South Central Climate Science Center (SC CSC) is guided by theSC CSC Strategic Science Plan for 2013-2018. This document describes the role and interactions of the SC CSC among its partners and stakeholders, clarifies the responsibilities of the Center to its partners, defines a context for climate impacts in the SC CSC region, and establishes the science priorities that the Center will address through research.
In developing the Strategic Science Plan, the SC CSC received advice and guidance from its Stakeholder Advisory Committee that is composed of senior-level Federal and State executives, and tribal leaders from the region. The SC CSC also periodically receives guidance from a panel of technical reviewers that assists with independent scientific review of projects comprising the NE CSC research program.