Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
In Hawai'i and the other Pacific islands, seascapes and landscapes are woven into the identity and practices of dozens of cultures with more than 20 spoken languages and thousands of cultural sites, places, and landforms. The region is largely dependent on rainfall-fed ground water and aquifers for freshwater, and virtually everyone lives, works, or harvests food in the coastal zone, including the major population centers as well as other ports and associated critical infrastructure across the region. Climate change is already impacting uplands, coastlines, nearshore reef environments, and leeward or low-rainfall areas as a result.
The research direction taken by the PI CSC is guided by the PI CSC Five-Year Science Agenda for 2014-2018. This document describes the role and interactions of the PI CSC among its partners and stakeholders, clarifies the responsibilities of the Center to its partners, defines a context for climate impacts in the PI CSC region, and establishes the science priorities that the Center will address through research.
The PI CSC has identified four priority science themes that will drive the CSC's regional science program:
Theme 1: Guidance for Anticipated Intermediate-Term Climate Changes
Theme 2: Potential Effects of Changing Climate on Freshwater Resources
Theme 3: Anticipating and Addressing Change in Coastal and Low-Lying Areas
Theme 4: Forecasting Sustainability for Resource Management and Planning
In developing the Strategic Science Agenda, the PI CSC received advice and guidance from its Stakeholder Advisory Committee (Appendix 1 of the PI CSC Five-Year Science Agenda for 2014-2018). The PI CSC also periodically receives guidance from a panel of technical reviewers that assists with independent scientific review of projects comprising the PI CSC research program.