Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
The Northwest Climate Science Center (NW CSC) facilitates creation of objective scientific information and tools that Northwest managers of land, water, wildlife, and cultural resources can use to anticipate, monitor, and adapt to climate change. NW CSC products are currently being developed on an ongoing basis. This page provides access to scientific publications, presentations, fact sheets, data, and other products that have been generated by research funded by the NW CSC.
Buotte, P.C., D.L. Peterson, K.S.McKelvey, and J.A. Hicke. 2016. Capturing subregional variability in regional-scale climate change vulnerability assessments of natural resources. Journal of Environmental Management 169:313-318. doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2015.12.017 [External Journal Website]
Dickerson-Lange, S.E., K.B. Eitel, L. Dorsey, T.E. Link, and J.D. Lundquist. 2016. Challenges and successes in engaging citizen scientists to observe snow cover: from public engagement to an educational collaboration. Journal of Science Communication 15:1-14. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Halabisky, M., L.M. Moskal, A. Gillespie, and M. Hannam. 2016. Reconstructing semi-arid wetland surface water dynamics through spectral mixture analysis of a time series of Landsat satellite images (1984–2011). Remote Sensing of Environment 177:171-183. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.040 [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Hand, B.K., C.C. Muhlfeld, A.A. Wade, R.P. Kovach, D.C. Whited, S.R. Narum, A.P. Matala, M.W. Ackerman, B.A. Garner, J.S. Kimball, J.A. Stanford, and G. Luikart. 2016. Climate variables explain neutral and adaptive variation within salmonid metapopulations: the importance of replication in landscape genetics. Molecular Ecology 25:689-705. doi: 10.1111/mec.13517 [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Janousek, C.N., K.J. Buffington, K.M. Thorne, G.R. Guntenspergen, J.Y. Takekawa, and B.D. Dugger. 2016. Potential effects of sea-level rise on plant productivity: species-specific responses in northeast Pacific tidal marshes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 548:111-125. doi: 10.3354/meps11683 [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Rupp, D.E., S. Li, P.W. Mote, K.M. Shell, N. Massey, S.N. Sparrow, D.C.H. Wallom, and M.R. Allen. 2016. Seasonal spatial patterns of projected anthropogenic warming in complex terrain: a modeling study of the western US. Climate Dynamics. doi 10.1007/s00382-016-3200-x [External Journal Website]
Boyte, S.P., B.K. Wylie, and D.J. Major. 2015. Mapping and monitoring cheatgrass dieoff in rangelands of the Northern Great Basin. Rangeland Ecology and Management 68:18-28. doi:10.1016/j.rama.2014.12.005. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Creutzburg, M.K., E.B. Henderson, and D.R. Conklin. 2015. Climate change and land management impact rangeland condition and sage-grouse habitat in southeastern Oregon. AIMS Environmental Science 2:203-235. doi:10.3934/environsci.2015.2.203. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Dickerson-Lange, S.E., Lutz, J.A., Gersonde, R., Martin, K.A., Forsyth, J.E. and Lundquist, J.D. 2015. Observations of distributed snow depth and snow duration within diverse forest structures in a maritime mountain watershed. Water Resources Research 51:9353-9366. doi:10.1002/2015WR017873. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Falke, J.A., R.L. Flitcroft, J.B. Dunham, K.M. McNyset, P.F. Hessburg, G.H. Reeves. 2015. Climate change and vulnerability of bull trout (Salvelinus confluentus) in a fire-prone landscape. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 72:304-318. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2014-0098. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Halofsky, J.S., J.E. Halofsky, D.R. Conklin, D. Bachelet, M.A. Hemstrom, B.K. Kerns, A.T. Morzillo. 2015. Using a dynamic global vegetation model to help inform management decisions. In D. Bachelet and D. Turner (editors), Global Vegetation Dynamics: Concepts and Applications in the MC1 Model (pp. 153-170). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Hand, B.K., W.H. Lowe, R.P. Kovach, C.C. Muhlfeld, and G. Luikart. 2015. Landscape community genomics: understanding eco-evolutionary processes in complex environments. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 30:161-168. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2015.01.005. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Li, S., P.W. Mote, D.E. Rupp, D. Vickers, R. Mera, M. Allen. 2015. Evaluation of a regional climate modeling effort for the western United States using a superensemble from Weather@ home. Journal of Climate 28, 7470–7488. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-14-00808.1. [External Journal Website]
Kovach, R.P., C.C. Muhlfeld, A.A. Wade, B.K. Hand, D.C. Whited, P.W. DeHaan, R. Al-Chokhachy, and G. Luikart. 2015. Genetic diversity is related to climatic variation and vulnerability in threatened bull trout. Global Change Biology 21:2510-2524. doi: 10.1111/gcb.12850. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Lawrence, D.J., D.A. Beauchamp, J.D. Olden. 2015. Life-stage-specific physiology defines invasion extent of a riverine fish. Journal of Animal Ecology 84:879-888. doi: 10.1111/1365-2656.12332. [External Journal Website]
Lee S-Y., M.E. Ryan, A.F. Hamlet, W.J. Palen, J.J. Lawler, M. Halabisky. 2015. Projecting the hydrologic impacts of climate change on montane wetlands. PLoS ONE 10(9): e0136385. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0136385. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Mote, P.W., M.R. Allen, R.G. Jones, S. Li, R. Mera, D.E. Rupp, and A. Salahuddin, Dean Vickers. 2015. Superensemble regional climate modeling for the western US. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00090.1. [External Journal Website]
Sheehan, T., D. Bachelet, and K. Ferschweiler. 2015. Projected major fire and vegetation changes in the Pacific Northwest of the conterminous United States under selected CMIP5 climate futures. Ecological Modeling 317:16-29. doi:10.1016/j.ecolmodel.2015.08.023. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Strauch, R.L., C.L. Raymond, R.M. Rochefort, A.F. Hamlet, and C. Lauver. 2015. Adapting transportation to climate change on federal lands in Washington State, U.S.A. Climatic Change 130:185-199. doi:10.1007/s10584-015-1357-7. [External Journal Website]
Abatzoglou, J.T., D.E. Rupp and P.W. Mote. 2014. Seasonal climate variability and change in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. Journal of Climate 27:25-2142. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00218.1 [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Benjamin, J.R., L.A. Wetzel, K.D. Martens, K. Larsen, and P.J. Connolly. 2014. Spatio-temporal variability in movement, age, and growth of mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni) in a river network based upon PIT tagging and otolith chemistry. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71:131-140. doi:10.1139/cjfas-2013-0279. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Donatuto, J., E.E. Grossman, J. Konovsky, S. Grossman, and L.W. Campbell. 2014. Indigenous community health and climate change: integrating biophysical and social science indicators. Coastal Management 42:355-373, doi: 10.1080/08920753.2014.923140. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Germino, M.J. and K. Reinhardt. 2014.Desert shrub responses to experimental modification of precipitation seasonality and soil depth: relationship to the two-layer hypothesis and ecohydrological niche. Journal of Ecology 102:989-997, doi:10.1111/1365-2745.12266. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Illán, J.G., C.D. Thomas, J.A. Jones, W.K. Wong, S.M. Shirley, and M.G. Betts. 2014.Precipitation and winter tempertaure predict long-term range-scale abundance changes in Western North American birds. Global Change Biology, doi: 10.1111/gcb.12642. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Landguth, E.L., C.C. Muhlfeld, R.S. Waples, L. Jones, W.H. Lowe, D. Whited, J. Lucotch, H. Neville, and G. Luikart. 2014. Combining demographic and genetic factors to assess population vulnerability in stream species. Ecological Applications, doi: 10.1890/13-0499.1. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Lawrence, D.J., Stewart-Koster, B., Olden, J.D., Ruesch, A.S., Torgersen, C.E., Lawler, J.J. 2014. The interactive effects of climate change, riparian management, and a non-native predators on stream-rearing salmon: Ecological Applications 24:895-912. doi:10.1890/13-0753.1 [External Journal Website]
Muhlfeld C.C, R.P. Kovach, L.A. Jones, R. Al-Chokhachy, M.C. Boyer, R.F. Leary, W.H. Lowe, G. Luikart, and F.W. Allendorf. 2014. Invasive hybridization in a threatened species is accelerated by climate change. Nature Climate Change 4:620-624, doi:10.1038/nclimate2252. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Ryan M.E., W.J. Palen, M.J. Adams, and R.M. Rochefort. 2014. Amphibians in the climate vise: loss and restoration of resilience of montane wetland ecosystems in the western US. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12:232-240, doi:10.1890/130145. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Bohn, T. J., B. Livneh, J. W. Oyler, S. W. Running, B. Nijssen, and D. P. Lettenmaier (2013), Global evaluation of MTCLIM and related algorithms for forcing of ecological and hydrological models. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 176:38-49. doi:10.1016/j.agrformet.2013.03.003. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Boyte, S.P., B.K. Wylie, D.J. Major, and J.F. Brown. 2013. The integration of geophysical and enhanced Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer Normalized Difference Vegetation Index data into a rule-based, piecewise regression-tree model to estimate cheatgrass beginning of spring growth. International Journal of Digital Earth, doi:10.1080/17538947.2013.860196. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Glick, P., L. Helbrecht, J. J. Lawler, and M. J. Case. 2013. Safeguarding Washington’s Fish and Wildlife in an Era of Climate Change: A Case Study of Partnerships in Action, National Wildlife Federation, Seattle, WA. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Livneh B., E.A. Rosenberg, C. Lin, B. Nijssen, V. Mishra, K.M. Andreadis, E.P. Maurer, and D.P. Lettenmaier (2013), A long-term hydrologically based dataset of land surface fluxes and states for the conterminous United States: Update and extensions. Journal of Climate 26:9384-9392. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00508.1. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Rupp, D. E., J. T. Abatzoglou, K. C. Hegewisch, and P. W. Mote (2013), Evaluation of CMIP5 20th century climate simulations for the Pacific Northwest USA, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, 10,884–10,906, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50843. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Shirley, S.M., Z. Yang, R.A. Hutchinson, J.D. Alexander, K. McGarigal, and M.G. Betts. 2013. Species distribution modeling for the people: unclassified landsat TM imagery predicts bird occurrence at fine resolutions. Diversity and Distributions 19:855-866. doi:10.1111/ddi.12093. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Wenger, S. J., Som, N. A., Dauwalter, D. C., Isaak, D. J., Neville, H. M., Luce, C. H., Dunham, J. B., Young, M. K., Fausch, K. D. and Rieman, B. E. (2013), Probabilistic accounting of uncertainty in forecasts of species distributions under climate change. Global Change Biology, 19: 3343–3354. doi:10.1111/gcb.12294. [External Journal Website] [Project Page]
Using State-and-Transition Simulation Models to Guide Sustainable Management of Ecosystems: Three Case Studies from across the US, Megan Creutzburg, Jennifer Costanza & Brian Miller [Webinar Recording] [Project Page]