Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Warming stream temperatures are increasing the range of non-native, predatory smallmouth bass into critical salmon rearing habitat. Erika Sutherland, one of the Northwest Climate Science Center's newest Graduate Fellows, is currently conducting research to better understand the recruitment bottlenecks of smallmouth bass at the most upstream extent of their range in hopes to limit the impact of future climate-change induced range expansion. In a parallel stream, she will also test the effectiveness of smallmouth bass nest disruption as a potential management strategy and its impact on the co-existing subyearling Chinook salmon population. Erika conducts her field work on the North and Middle forks of the John Day River in the Blue Mountains of northeast Oregon. As a University of Washington graduate student supervised by Julian Olden, Erika works closely with the Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Nature Conservancy and with the U.S. Geological Survey.