Spring is coming early in 3/4 of national parks, according to a new study. Awesome? Not so much. As flowers bloom earlier every year, it’s disrupting the link between the wildflowers and the arrival of birds, bees, and butterflies that feed on and pollinate the flowers. In Shenandoah, an earlier spring is giving invasive plants a head start, and they’re displacing native wildflowers, leading to costly management issues.
Before the 1960s almost everything about living openly as a lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) person was illegal. New York City laws against homosexual activities were particularly harsh. The Stonewall Uprising on June 28, 1969 is a milestone in the quest for LGBT civil rights and provided momentum for a movement.
Vine Creek Ranch at Death Valley National Park. Steady drought and record summer heat make Death Valley a land of extremes. Towering peaks are frosted with winter snow. Rare rainstorms bring vast fields of wildflowers. Lush oases harbor tiny fish and refuge for wildlife and humans. Despite its morbid name, a great diversity of life survives in Death Valley.
Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Determining the Direction of CSC Science Nationwide
The science activities undertaken by the DOI Climate Science Centers are driven principally by their respective Science Agendas. These agendas establish high-level climate science priorities in each region while ensuring this science is pertinent to and addresses management needs. The Science Agendas are used to determine which proposed climate science projects will be funded by the CSCs. In developing this Science Agenda, the CSCs seek advice and guidance from two main groups:
The Executive Stakeholder Advisory Committee (ESAC), composed of executives from federal and state agencies, Tribes, and LCCs within each CSC region. The ESAC provides guidance in the science planning process, sets priority science needs, and approves the science agendas.
Private entities such as Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs), landowners, other businesses / business groups, as well as local and other governmental entities with concerns about climate change in a CSC region will be afforded opportunities to provide input on the priorities for the regional CSC science agendas.
National Coordination and Synthesis
Each CSC is part of a nationwide science resource to consist of eight Climate Science Centers and the National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (NCCWSC). CSCs will maintain close ties and ensure tight linkages between activities being undertaken in neighboring CSC regions to minimize duplication and ensure that scientific results are not limited by geographic boundaries.
The National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center, as the coordinating entity for the CSCs, will
review all regional science agendas regularly to identify activities that should be coordinated across multiple CSCs;
convene a national advisory panel, including senior scientists who can identify innovative new scientific approaches that could be integrated into work of the CSCs; and
undertake national level syntheses and other scientific activities to complement and integrate the regional activities undertaken by each CSC.