Located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii, the National Park of American Samoa is the most remote unit of the National Park System and the U.S. National Park south of the Equator. The Park spreads across three islands, 9,500 acres of tropical rainforest, and 4,000 acres of ocean, including coral reefs. While remote, the islands of American Samoa, true to the meaning of the word Samoa (Islands of Sacred Earth), are welcoming and offer beautiful landscapes and centuries of culture and history.
Seasoned backpacker and adventurer Yang Lu earned the grand prize in the 2015 Share the Experience photo contest with this image of a sunburst captured at sunrise in Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, Utah. Yang has made the outdoors part of his daily life and finds deep connection to the land through his lens.
“My photography is not just for recreation, it is to inspire people to explore these areas." -- Yang Lu
Photo by Yang Lu (www.sharetheexperience.org).
The plantings of cherry trees originated in 1912 as a gift of friendship to the People of the United States from the People of Japan. In Japan, the flowering cherry tree, or "Sakura," is an exalted flowering plant. The beauty of the cherry blossom is a potent symbol equated with the evanescence of human life and epitomizes the transformation of Japanese culture throughout the ages.
The Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations (Buy-Back Program) is interested in partnering with tribes to gain their direct participation in implementing land consolidation activities. Tribes have the opportunity to actively participate in the process, including identifying acquisition priorities and conducting landowner outreach and education. Tribal involvement will improve the Program's effectiveness and efficiency while minimizing administrative costs.
Tribes are encouraged to become involved in the Program through cooperative agreements* or memorandums of agreements (MOA),** as appropriate. Tribes are not required to enter into cooperative agreements to participate in the Program. In certain cases, such as when a tribe is not seeking funding to partner with the Department on land consolidation efforts, a cooperative agreement may be unnecessary and an MOA may be used. Tribes wishing to enter into MOAs should contact the Program.
The Buy-Back Program held an open solicitation from November 8, 2013, through March 14, 2014, during which tribes with jurisdiction over the most fractionated locations were invited to submit letters of interest or cooperative agreement applications for participation in the Program. The more than 50 submissions that were received helped to inform an initial implementation schedule, announced in May 2014, as well as additions to that schedule, announced in November 2014, for implementation of the Buy-Back Program through the middle of 2017. These 42 locations represented more than 80 percent of all the fractional interests across Indian Country.
In November 2015, the Program announced a Planning Initiative to assist in the development of its next implementation schedule for 2017 and beyond, with a submission deadline of March 11, 2016. The two-pronged Planning Initiative sought input from tribal governments and landowners who were interested in participating in the Program.
Following an extensive four-month review, the Program announced an expanded schedule for implementation on May 17, 2016. The expanded schedule added 63 additional locations, for a total of 105 locations, on which implementation will begin by mid-2021. Tribes scheduled for implementation will be given the opportunity to apply for a cooperative agreement, or enter into an MOA, as appropriate, prior to Program implementation at the location under their jurisdiction.
Tribes interested in applying for a cooperative agreement to collaborate with the Program on landowner outreach and other activities are encouraged to review the cooperative agreement resources listed below to gain familiarity with the application process and requirements. Close collaboration with Program staff is encouraged throughout the entire cooperative agreement process. Buy-Back Program staff will be available to provide on-going guidance and support, as well as technical assistance in developing a cooperative agreement.
This document provides guidance to tribes on how to prepare their cooperative agreement applications, especially the Application Narrative.
The Application Narrative
Similar to a grant proposal, the Application Narrative is the tribe’s detailed written description of the activities it will perform during implementation of the Buy-Back Program at the tribe’s location. The Application Narrative also provides a budget for the proposed activities and a timeline for completion of the activities.
Tribes seeking to participate in the Buy-Back Program are required to submit an official tribal authorization approving implementation of the Program at their location. This document provides tribes with guidance on what information to include in their authorization as well as sample language for their consideration.
Standard Financial Assistance Application Forms (SF-424)
These standard, government-wide required forms must be submitted as part of a tribe's cooperative agreement application package to the Buy-Back Program:
This award document provides the legal instrument through which funding can be provided to a tribe to carry out the agreed-upon Program activities. Before funding can be awarded, the Program will first review the tribe's submitted application package and complete the Cooperative Agreement Template with information provided by the tribe. After the Cooperative Agreement Template has been completed by the Program, it will be provided to the tribe for review and signature. A Tribal official must then sign the cooperative agreement to acknowledge understanding of the terms and conditions within the agreement.
Although this template will be completed with individualized tribal information, the terms and conditions contained within the cooperative agreement may not be modified, with the exception of compelling circumstances to be determined on a case-by-case basis. This standardization is to ensure efficiency and fairness to all parties choosing to enter into cooperative agreements in light of the Program's limited time and resources set by the Cobell Settlement.
ASAP Enrollment Forms
Funds awarded through a cooperative agreement will be available via the U.S. Treasury Department’s Automated Standard Application for Payments (ASAP) system. In order to receive access to awarded funds, tribes must be enrolled in the ASAP system under Agency Location Code 14010001. To enroll in ASAP, tribes must complete and return the following 3 enrollment forms to the Program:
On December 26, 2013, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) published revised financial assistance regulations in the Federal Register to streamline the Federal Government's guidance on Uniform Administrative Requirements, Cost Principles, and Audit Requirements for Federal Awards. These regulations supersede various OMB Circulars including A–87, A–102, and A–133. Under the 2000 Indian Land Consolidation Act (ILCA) Amendments, the Secretary, to the extent practicable, may enter into agreements with the tribal government that exercises jurisdiction over the land involved or a subordinate entity of the tribal government to carry out some or all of the Secretary's land acquisition program. In accordance with the ILCA, cooperative agreements with the Buy-Back Program are not made pursuant to the Indian Self-Determination and Assistance Act (ISDEAA), 25 U.S.C. § 450 et seq. See 25 U.S.C. § 2212(b)(3)(C).
*A cooperative agreement is a legal instrument, similar to a grant, that represents the relationship between the Federal Government (i.e., Buy-Back Program) and a recipient (i.e., tribe). Its principle purpose is to transfer a thing of value (e.g., funding) to a recipient to carry out a public purpose of support or stimulation, as authorized by the Federal Government. When completing the activities under a cooperative agreement, substantial involvement is expected between the parties.
** A memorandum of agreement (also known as a memorandum of understanding) may be used whenever there is an agreement to exchange information or coordinate programs. They are used to optimize the benefits of each party's efforts. Each party is responsible for contributing its own effort and resources, such as funds, are not exchanged.