Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
The Cobell Education Scholarship Fund (Scholarship Fund) was authorized by the Cobell Settlement and is designed to provide financial assistance to American Indian and Alaska Native students wishing to pursue post-secondary education and training. The Land Buy-Back Program for Tribal Nations (Buy-Back Program) provides partial funding to the Scholarship Fund.
The Department of the Interior makes transfers quarterly to the Scholarship Fund from the Buy-Back Program based upon sales completed during that quarter. The transfer amount is capped at $60 million for the life of the Buy Back Program. The quarterly transfers will not reduce the payment amount that a landowner will receive when participating in the program to sell their land interests.
Funds are transferred into the Scholarship Fund based on a formula explained in the Cobell Settlement. The Cobell Settlement set aside a certain amount of money to be used for the Scholarship Fund. The specific amount deposited into the Scholarship Fund is based on the individual value of each interest sold:
For every purchase of a fractionated interest that totals less than $200, $10 will be deposited into the Scholarship Fund;
For every purchase of a fractionated interest that totals between $200 and $500, $25 will be deposited into the Scholarship Fund; and
For those purchases of a fractionated interest that total over $500, 5% of the purchase price will be deposited into the Scholarship Fund.
As of July 2016, the Buy-Back Program has transferred nearly $40 million to the Scholarship Fund.
The Cobell Board of Trustees is responsible for the oversight and supervision of the activities of the Scholarship Fund, including developing and adopting a charter and playing a role in administering the organization. For more information, go to: http://cobellscholar.org.