Mercury's surface in "enhanced color," a color scheme created to emphasize color differences. This is not what Mercury would look like to the human eye, but by applying mathematical analysis to images, color differences can be accentuated beyond those visible to a person.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial under construction.
The workers had to endure conditions that varied from blazing hot to bitterly cold and windy. Each day they climbed 700 stairs to the top of the mountain to punch-in on the time clock. Then 3/8 inch thick steel cables lowered them over the front of the 500-foot face of the mountain in a "bosun chair." Despite the dangers, no one was killed during the project.
Otters in Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve, Alaska.
The sea otter population of Glacier Bay has increased dramatically in the past 20 years. Ecologists consider sea otters a keystone species here. Otters consume vast quantities of clams, urchins, crabs, and other invertebrates and their presence creates ripples through the ecosystem. NPS photo.
Every day someone like you becomes a wildland wildfire fighter, a teacher, a trail-builder, a museum curator, or a park ranger. Discover your opportunities in national parks. Come to play. Come to learn. Come to serve. Develop your environmental leadership skills. Find a job. Be the next generation to preserve and protect these great places.
With more than 80% of Americans living in urban areas, urban parks are more important than ever. The father of American landscape architecture, Frederick Law Olmsted, said of urban parks:
It is one great purpose of the Park to supply to the hundreds of thousands of tired workers, who have no opportunity to spend their summers in the country, a specimen of God's handiwork that shall be to them, inexpensively, what a month or two in the White Mountains or the Adirondacks is, at great cost, to those in easier circumstances.
Energy and Water Development Appropriations - House
On June 23, the House Appropriations Committee filed its report on H.R. 4733, the fiscal year 2001 Energy and Water Development Appropriations bill. The bill was considered on the House floor and passed June 27 without change to the Bureau of Reclamation or Central Utah Project portions of the act.
Overall, the Committee provided $22.2 billion in new current budget authority, $562 million above the FY 2000 level, but $933 million below the FY 2001 President's Budget. Within this total, $17.2 billion was provided for Department of Energy programs ($853 million below the Budget), $4.1 billion for the Corps of Engineers ($60 million above the Budget), and $0.9 billion for other agencies. In particular, $770.5 million was provided for Department of the Interior programs, $36.7 million below the FY 2000 level and $70.5 million below the FY 2001 President's Budget.
Bureau of Reclamation
The House Committee provided $730.5 million for Reclamation accounts, $37.4 million below the FY 2000 level and $70.5 million below the FY 2001 President's Budget. The most significant action by the Committee was to delete all of the $60.0 million requested for the California Bay-Delta Restoration Program, on the basis that the authorization of appropriations currently ends in FY 2000. The report states the Committee remains very supportive of the program, and will reconsider its recommendation if the program is re-authorized before work is completed on the FY 2001 Energy and Water Development bill.
Funds provided for Water and Related Resources, Reclamation's primary operating account, total $635.8 million, $28.8 million above FY 2000 but $7.3 million below the request. Within this total, the Committee added $38.7 million for specific projects, programs, or studies; but more than offset these increases by reducing the funding requested for other projects, programs, or studies by $27.4 million, and by increasing the "allowance for slippage" by $18.6 million.
In particular, the Committee deleted all of the $16.0 million requested for the Rocky Boy's Indian Water Rights Settlement (MT), apparently on the basis that it is a "new start". The remaining reductions were taken from Reclamation-wide programs that do not have specific, easily identified constituents. In general, the increases provided by the Committee are to accelerate work on ongoing projects and studies. These increases include: $9.0 million for Central Valley Project (CA) activities, $6.0 million for the Gila River Indian Community distribution system (AZ), $6.0 million for water reuse projects and programs, $5.0 million for the Mid-Dakota Rural Water Project (SD), $4.0 million for the Mni Wiconi Rural Water System (SD), $4.0 million for pilot projects to remove salt from the Salton Sea, and $1.2 million for four water resources investigations.
The Committee cut the request for the Policy and Administration account by $3.2 million to $47.0 million (the FY 2000 level). Finally, the Committee provided the amount requested for the Central Valley Project Restoration Fund ($38.4 million) and for the Loan Program ($9.4 million).
Central Utah Project
The Committee provided $39.9 million for completion of the Central Utah Project, $0.7 million above the FY 2000 level and the same as the President's Budget.
Report and Bill Language
The House Committee bill includes language prohibiting the use of funds for closure of the Auburn Dam (CA) diversion tunnel or restoration of the American River channel at that site; or to purchase or lease water at two projects in New Mexico unless certain conditions are met. The report directs the Secretary, in cooperation with the Administrator of the Western Area Power Administration, to review electric power programs related to the San Carlos Irrigation Project (AZ).