While there are many factors that influence government budgeting decisions, program performance is rapidly becoming a more significant factor. Knowing how well or poorly a program is performing based on a given budget helps resource managers make informed decisions about the allocation and reallocation of finite dollars. The ability to make sound resource allocation decisions is increasingly important in a fiscally constrained environment. By tracking performance and expenditures of Interior programs, we can identify areas of challenged, sustained, or improved performance and make recommendations for increasing, decreasing, or maintaining resource levels. The integration of performance and budget also enables Interior resource managers to assign resources to those areas that will optimize performance. While this integration process is a terrific managerial tool, the main benefit is that it provides the public with a clear and transparent means of seeing the fiscal stewardship practiced by Interior managers.