Wildland Fire Decision Support System
A process to analyze alternatives and document wildland fire suppression decisions has been in use for over 30 years beginning with the Escaped Fire Situation Analysis (EFSA) and transitioning to the Wildland Fire Situation Analysis (WFSA). Additional processes were used to document selected management actions for managing wildland fire for resource benefits – the Wildland Fire Implementation Plan (WFIP); and for long duration wildland fires – the Long-Term Implementation Plan (LTIP).
The Wildland Fire Decision Support System (WFDSS) system, an encompassing and more comprehensive system was developed to assist line officers, fire managers, and analysts in managing wildland fire incidents. This initiative is led by the USDA Forest Service with support from DOI wildland fire management. WFDSS consolidated the WFSA, WFIP, and LTIP processes into a single process retiring these older systems. WFDSS integrates the various applications into a web-based system used to manage incidents for all types of wildland fires into a single system, which streamlines the sharing of analyses and incident decisions across all levels of management for the documenting and reporting process. Every wildland fire is assessed following a decision support process that examines the full range of responses. The incident decisions are broken down into multiple sub-reports including: assessment, objectives, courses of action, validation, decision summary, and periodic assessment. WFDSS brings fire management strategic objectives from fire management and land management plans and intelligence such as fuel conditions, fire danger and weather analysis, fire history, probability of fire reaching a planning area boundary, projections of values to be protected, and stratified cost index into one-stop shopping. WFDSS uses a wide variety of spatial data and models such as but not limited to: LANDFIRE, National Weather Service, USGS and Google Maps, infrared heat data, Fire Spread Probability (FSPro), Stratified Cost Index (SCI) and Rapid Assessment Values at Risk (RAVAR) products. Additional information is available on the WFDSS website.