Wildland Fire Policy: Selected Key Documents
- In response to requirements of the Federal Land Assistance, Management, and Enhancement (FLAME) Act of 2009, the Wildland Fire Leadership Council (WFLC) directed the development of the National Cohesive Wildland Fire Management Strategy (Cohesive Strategy). The Cohesive Strategy addresses the nation's wildfire problems by focusing on three key areas: Restore and Maintain Resilient Landscapes, Fire Adapted Communities and Response to Wildland Fire.
- The cohesive strategy effort utilizes a collaborative, science-based approach with active involvement of all levels of government and non-governmental organizations, as well as the public, to seek solutions to wildland fire management issues on all lands.
- This report addresses the specific elements requested by Congress in the FLAME Act: most cost-effective means for allocating budget resources; reinvest in non-fire programs; assessing the impacts of climate change on the frequency and severity of wildfire; and study the effects of invasive species on wildfire risk.
- The Quadrennial Fire Review (QFR) is a strategic assessment process that is conducted every four years to evaluate current mission strategies and capabilities against best estimates of future environment for fire management. This integrated review is a joint effort of the five federal natural resource management agencies and their state, local, and tribal partners that constitute the wildland fire community. The objective is to create an integrated strategic vision document for fire management.
- The Implementation Plan and the revised Implementation Plan set forth desired outcomes, performance measures, and responsibilities for the Strategy's four goals: improving fire prevention and suppression, reducing hazardous fuels, restoring ecosystems and promoting community assistance.
- Known as the 10-Year Comprehensive Strategy or Comprehensive Strategy, it is rooted in collaboration among Federal, state, tribal, and local governments as well as NGOs. It is a coordinated ten-year strategy to manage wildfire, remove hazardous fuels, restore and rehabilitate fire damaged lands, and promote community assistance. Core principles of the strategy are collaboration, priority setting, and accountability.
- Requested by President Clinton of the Secretaries of Agriculture and Interior in August 2000 and with strong bi-partisan Congressional support, this is the foundation document for the fire program across the federal government.
- Prompted by the fires of 1994 that resulted in 34 fatalities, this interagency effort constituted the first comprehensive fire policy and program review for the Departments of Agriculture (Forest Service) and Interior (NPS, FWS, BIA and BLM).