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U.S. Department of the Interior - Office of Wildland Fire
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Emergency Stabilization & Rehabilitation (Post Wildfire)



Cascade rehabilitationEach wildland fire management agency is responsible for taking prompt action to determine the need for, and to prescribe and implement, emergency treatments to minimize threats to life or property or to stabilize and prevent unacceptable degradation to natural and cultural resources resulting from the effects of a fire on the lands they manage.    

Emergency actions are taken during and immediately following a wildfire to reduce the effects of floods, landslides, and erosion by stabilizing stream banks and soils to reduce further resource damage. Emergency stabilization actions may be performed within one year of containment of the wildfire, and monitored for up to three years after containment.  

The Burned Area Rehabilitation program protects resources by maintaining proper function in watersheds and landscapes, and by beginning the recovery of fire-damaged lands. These objectives are achieved by such actions as reseeding to control invasive species, maintaining soil productivity, rehabilitating tribal trust resources, repairing wildlife habitat, and repairing minor facilities damaged by wildfire.  

Landscapes that are threatened from post-fire floods, debris flows, or are susceptible to serious degradation are assessed and treated by the Emergency Stabilization program within the Suppression Operations account. The Burned Area Rehabilitation program initiates longer-term actions to repair damages caused by catastrophic wildfire. Rehabilitation treatments are designed to repair or improve lands unlikely to recover naturally from severe wildfire damage.  

The budget for the Burned Area Rehabilitation program is allocated among the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Bureau of Land Management, Fish and Wildlife Service, and National Park Service in a rigorous, competitive, scoring process based on priorities set by the Department. The local administrative units of the various agencies develop and submit rehabilitation plans for lands damaged by wildfire. These plans are approved by the local agency administrator and then serve as funding requests to agencies and the Department.  

Rehabilitation treatments funded by this program may build upon emergency stabilization measures and may continue to be implemented up to three years from containment of the fire. After three years, the bureaus' resource management programs assume responsibility for further landscape restoration and monitoring in accordance with land use plans and mission goals.

Emergency Stabilization& Rehabilitation (Post Wildfire) Point of Contact:
Rod Bloms, Fire Operations Specialist