U.S. Geological SurveyThe U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) works closely with academic institutions, state, and other Federal agencies. USGS is spearheading an effort to better understand the processes that affect the health and sustainability of our Nation's coral reefs. To learn more about USGS coastal and science research, read their Sound Waves newsletter.

At right: U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy during a USGS cruise to map the floor of the Arctic Ocean.

U.S. Coast Guard Cutter Healy during a USGS cruise to map the floor of the Arctic Ocean.

The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement (BOEMRE) plays a key role in America’s energy supply by managing renewable and mineral resources on the 1.7 billion acres of the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), a significant source of our Nation’s energy supply. The agency is responsible for overseeing the safe and environmentally responsible development of our Nation’s traditional and renewable ocean energy and mineral resources. BOEMRE publishes Ocean Science, a science and technology journal.

Windmill energy source

U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceThe U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) manages the 550-unit National Wildlife Refuge System, 180 of which are found in marine, coastal, and Great Lakes environments, including Pelican Island (see right) in Florida, America's first National Wildlife Refuge designated by President Teddy Roosevelt
in 1903.

Pelican Island

National Park ServiceThe National Park Service (NPS) manages 84 coastal Parks with over 86 million annual recreation visits, including the Point Reyes National Seashore in California (see right) where over 45% of North American avian species are found due to the wide variety of habitats and unique geology. (http://www.nps.gov/pore/index.htm).

Point Reyes National Seashore in California.

Bureau of Land ManagementThe Bureau of Land Management (BLM) works with a wide variety of partners to protect the California Coastal National Monument (see right), a unique collection of the public lands consisting of a network of more than 20,000 small islands, rocks, exposed reefs, and pinnacles that provide a haven for animals and plants along the 1,100 miles of the California coast.

California Coastal National Monument

Office of Insular AffairsThe Office of Insular Affairs (OIA) is working with the U.S.-affiliated insular areas to protect coral reefs.  Through the Micronesia Challenge, Palau, the Federated States of Micronesia, the Marshall Islands, Guam, and the Commonwealth of Northern Mariana Islands committed to protect at least 30 percent of near-shore marine resources and 20 percent of terrestrial resources across Micronesia by 2020. 

Marine resource