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U.S. Department of the Interior - Office of Policy, Management and Budget
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Presenter Bios

Dexter Albert, Facilitator, Intrinsic Info, LLP

Dexter Albert serves as project manager on almost all of Intrinsic's projects in the Navajo Nation and on the Hopi Reservation in northern Arizona. As a traditionalist, he is intimately knowledgeable of the Navajo culture, and writes and understands Navajo with fluency. Also, he is well-informed about Hopi traditions because of his ties to the community via his daughters, who are Hopi tribal members. Both clients and the public have confirmed his exceptional organizational skills, as well as responsiveness and sensitivity in dealing with public concerns. He is also humbled that people consider him an avid writer and strategic thinker.

Dexter holds a Bachelor of Science degree in public relations from Northern Arizona University, with a minor in American Indian Studies, and has completed 15 hours of coursework toward a master's degree in applied communication at NAU. Prior to launching Intrinsic, he worked extensively in public service and non-profit sectors for organizations such as DNA People's Legal Services, Coconino Legal Aid, and Coconino County's Welfare to Work Task Force and NAU's Institute for Native Americans.
He is originally from Líí' Ligai Bitó', or Whitehorse Lake, and grew up in Crownpoint – both small, barely-on-the-map towns in the eastern stretches of the Navajo Reservation in northwestern New Mexico. He is of the Kinyaa'áanii, or Towering House Clan, born for the Táchii'nii, or Red-Streaking-Into-Water Clan.

Raphael Bear, President, Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation

Raphael Bear was elected President of the Fort McDowell Yavapai Nation in January 2004. Prior to his election, President Bear served over ten years in various positions within Fort McDowell Tribal government. During that time, President Bear was a member of the Planning Advisory Board, Tribal Gaming Commission, Environmental Board, and Constitution Committee. President Bear was directly involved in the planning and construction of numerous Tribal facilities, among them the 1,300 acre Tribal farm, the award-winning We-Ko-Pa golf course, over 80 new homes for Tribal members and several Tribal government buildings. Immediately prior to his election, President Bear was the Nation's General Manager, responsible for the overall administration of Tribal government.

President Bear is currently President of the Inter-Tribal Council of Arizona. He serves on the Boards of Directors for the Fiesta Bowl Committee and the Scottsdale Convention and Visitors Bureau, and is the Nation's delegated representative to the Maricopa Association of Governments and the Arizona Indian Gaming Association.

Edith Blackwell, Deputy Associate Solicitor, Department of the Interior

Edith Blackwell is the Deputy Associate Solicitor for the Division of Indian Affairs in the Solicitor=s Office at the Department of Interior. She has held this position since 1999. The Division of Indian Affairs has a staff of approximately 40 attorneys who provide legal advice regarding all aspects of Federal Indian law to Department of Interior officials. Her primary duty is to manage the staff and issues in the Division of Indian Affairs. Prior to being appointed to the position of Deputy Associate Solicitor, Ms. Blackwell was a staff attorney in the Division handling the Cobell v. Babbitt litigation as well as providing legal advice on the Indian Self-Determination Act. Ms. Blackwell=s expertise in Indian law includes the Indian Self-Determination Act, the contours of the Department=s trust responsibility, the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act, Indian education, and promulgating regulations pursuant to the Negotiated Rulemaking Act.

Ms. Blackwell has been involved in four negotiated rulemakings. In 1996 while working for the Indian Health Service, she was involved in the joint HHS/DOI negotiated rulemaking for the Self-Determination Act contracting (Title I) regulations. This was one of the first Congressionally mandated rulemakings. She also participated in the Department of Interior's Title IV Self-Governance negotiated rulemaking. She also provided assistance to the committee members negotiating the BIA Roads Rule. Finally, she was a committee member for the recently completed No Child Left Behind negotiated rulemaking.

Prior to coming to the Department of Interior in 1997, Ms. Blackwell spent approximately six years in the Office of General Counsel as an attorney representing the Indian Health Service, a component of the Department of Health and Human Services. In this position, she specialized in the Indian Self-Determination Act. Prior to her work at the Department of Health and Human Services, Ms. Blackwell worked as a litigating attorney in a small law firm in Maryland and served as a law clerk in D.C. Superior Court.

She earned her JD, cum laude, in 1988 from the Washington College of Law at American University, and her BA cum laude, in 1984 from the University of Houston.

Mary Margaret Cowan, Attorney

Served as General Counsel to the Chairman, Vice Chairman and Executive Branch of the Tohono O'Odham Nation, 1993-2003; Ms. Cowan served as Counsel to Congressman Raul Grijalva, 2004; and is a Pima County Assistant Public Defender, 2004 to date. She is a recognized expert in the areas of border policy and immigration law.

Frank Dayish, Jr., Vice President, Navajo Nation

Frank Dayish Jr., was born and raised in Shiprock, New Mexico. He is of the Bit'ahnii clan, born for the Hashk'aanadzoni clan. His maternal grandfather is of the Tachii'nii clan and paternal grandfather is Naakaii Dine'.

Dayish has seventeen years of extensive and commercial procurement experience in the aerospace and mining (surface and underground) industries. His experience gives him a complete understanding of streamlining federal contracting to meet private industry business objectives while maintaining procurement integrity.

He is experienced in lobbying Federal, State and Tribal governments. This unique knowledge combination allows him to lead, manage and prescribe the appropriate degree and personalized analysis on developing strategic objectives consistent with organizational goals accentuating maximum return to shareholders.

Harv Forsgren, Regional Forester, US Department of Agriculture

Harv Forsgren is the Regional Forester for the Southwestern Region (U.S. Forest Service), Albuquerque, New Mexico. He is responsible for the management of 11 National Forests in New Mexico and Arizona and grasslands in Texas and Oklahoma.

He was born in Salt Lake City, Utah. Forsgren earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Fisheries Management from Utah State University in 1976 and a Master of Science degree in Natural Resource Management from Humboldt State University in 1980.

Forsgren began his career with the Forest Service as a volunteer in Wyoming in 1975. He joined the agency permanently in 1978 where he worked first to develop a vegetation classification system and later as fisheries biologist on the Chugach National Forest in Anchorage, Alaska. Subsequently, he worked as a fisheries biologist on the Sawtooth National Recreation Area and Sawtooth National Forest in Idaho, and on the Mt. Hood National Forest in Oregon.

He became the fisheries program leader in the agency's Intermountain Region headquartered in Ogden, Utah, in 1988. He served, beginning in 1991, as the National Fisheries Program Leader in Washington, D.C. for several years before being named Assistant Director of the Wildlife, Fish and Rare Plant Staff. In June of 1998, Forsgren was named National Director for that Staff. As National Director, he had broad responsibilities for conservation of wildlife, fish, rare plants and threatened, endangered and sensitive species. While in that position he helped shape national policy related to conservation of Pacific salmon and steelhead, fostered partnerships and helped develop changes to national forest planning regulations.

In December 1999 he was named as Regional Forester for the Pacific Northwest Region, where he served until named as the Regional Forester for the Southwestern Region in July 2002.

James Garrison, State Historic Preservation Officer, Chief of the Historic Preservation Section, Arizona State Parks

Mr. Garrison graduated from Arizona State University in 1970 with a Bachelor of Architecture degree. He has been a registered architect in Arizona since 1974 and has practiced in the field of historic preservation all of his architectural career, specializing in the inspection and rehabilitation of historic buildings, and in the stabilization and conservation of adobe.

In 1978 Mr. Garrison attended the Architectural Conservation Training Course at the Center for Conservation in Rome. Mr. Garrison was hired by the State Historic Preservation Office in 1990 to oversee the Certified Local Government Program that develops preservation programs at the local level.

On November 5, 1992, Arizona's Governor designated Mr. Garrison as the State Historic Preservation Officer. Mr. Garrison is currently serving on the Board of Directors of the National Conference of State Historic Preservation Officers.

Kevin Gover, Professor of Law, Arizona State University

Kevin Gover is a member of the Pawnee Tribe of Oklahoma. After graduating from Princeton, where he majored in Public and International Affairs, Professor Gover worked as a specialist for the American Indian Policy Review Commission, a research group chartered by Congress to study a wide range of issues important to Native Americans. Private practice followed, first with a large firm in Washington, DC and then, forming a firm in New Mexico with two other highly regarded Indian Lawyers. The firm grew into one of the largest Indian owned law firms in the country.

Gover served as Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs under Interior Secretary and former Arizona Governor, Bruce Babbitt, from 1996-2001. As Assistant Secretary he concentrated on upgrading Indian law enforcement, rebuilding decrepit Indian schools, reforming trust services and overhauling the Bureau of Indian Affair's management system. His reform efforts coupled with an eloquent and moving apology to the nation's Indian Communities for the wrongs done to them by the Bureau of Indian Affairs in the past, on the occasion of the 175th anniversary of the Bureau's founding, won him wide approval in Indian country and Congressional praise.

Professor Gover comes to the College of Law from Steptoe & Johnson, a national law firm with offices in Washington, DC and Phoenix, where he headed the Indian Practice Group.

J.D., University of New Mexico School of Law (1981)
A.B., Public and International Affairs, Princeton University (1978)

Gary W. Hudiburgh, Deputy Director, Environmental Protection Agency

Gary W. Hudiburgh is the Deputy Director of the American Indian Environmental Office at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in Washington, D.C. He has served in this capacity since April 2004, and assists in implementation of all aspects of the Agency=s Indian Program. From March 1998 through April 2004, he was chief of the Municipal Assistance Branch in the Office of Wastewater Management, having programmatic responsibility for infrastructure grant programs, small community outreach and technical assistance, and water efficiency. Before that, Mr. Hudiburgh was chief of the NPDES Program Branch in the Permits Division, Office of Wastewater Management from July 1996 though March 1998. From 1995 to 1996, he was a technical advisor to the Navajo Nation Environmental Protection Agency and helped in the development of an NPDES program submission. Mr. Hudiburgh has served in various management positions in Office of Water since 1989; he started working for the Permits Division as an attorney in 1980. Before working for USEPA, Mr. Hudiburgh was a Metallurgical Engineer and Research Metallurgist at the National Steel Corporation Research Center (1974 - 1980). Mr. Hudiburgh holds a B.S. degree in Mineral Engineering - Mathematics from the Colorado School of Mines (1973); an M.S. degree in Metallurgical Engineering from the University of Missouri, Rolla (1974); and a J.D. degree from Duquesne University (1979). Mr. Hudiburgh is admitted to the practice of law in West Virginia and Pennsylvania.

Vivian Juan-Saunders, Chairwoman, Tohono O'odham Nation

Ms. Juan-Saunders graduated from Baboquivari High School on the Tohono O'odham reservation, then went to Central Arizona Junior College with an AA, then to Arizona State with a bachelor's in Political Science and Secondary Education. She completed her master's degree from the University of Arizona in American Indian Studies Public Policy. She is currently enrolled as a doctoral candidate in Educational Leadership at the University of Northern Arizona.

Ms. Juan-Saunders has close to 10 years of working for tribal government here on the Tohono O'odham nation in the chairman's office and also for the Salt River-Pima Maricopa Indian community for almost five years in governmental relations. She has also worked as an assistant dean for Native American students at the University of Arizona for close to five years.

Rodney B. Lewis, Attorney

Rodney B. Lewis is the former General Counsel to the Gila River Indian Community, of which he is also an enrolled member. Since his retirement in 2005, Mr. Lewis has been employed by Akin, Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld LLP on water rights issues. Mr. Lewis is a graduate of the University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Law School. He is the first Native American to have been admitted, in that same year, to the Arizona State Bar Association. Mr. Lewis also hold the distinction of having been the first Native American to argue a case before the United States Supreme Court. In 2000, Mr. Lewis, along with Janet Napolitano, was honored by the State Bar of Arizona as one 100 Most Distinguished Women and Minority Attorneys.

Paul Lumley, Senior Tribal Liaison, Department of Defense

Paul Lumley joined the Department of Defense in 2004 as the Senior Tribal Liaison in the Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense (Installations & Environment). He is an enrolled member of the Yakama Nation, located in Washington State. Mr Lumley is now in charge of the Department of Defense Native American Lands Environmental Mitigation Program (NALEMP) and works on numerous policy issues affecting American Indians and Alaskan Natives. In this capacity Mr. Lumley is responsible for all NALEMP program management and oversight including development and management of the Native American Environmental Tracking System (NAETS).

He manages educational and outreach efforts, briefings for DoD senior leadership, and consultations with American Indian Tribes regarding DoD policy issues such as historic preservation, the Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), and protection of sacred sites. Mr. Lumley has an extensive history working with Northwest Tribes on salmon issues, particularly in the Columbia River Basin. Mr. Lumley received a Bachelor of Science in Mathematics from Western Washington University in 1986.

Lucy Moore, Facilitator, Lucy Moore Associates

Lucy Moore Associates provides mediation, facilitation, and consultation services to agencies, organizations, communities and tribes who need help making decisions, soliciting public involvement, resolving disputes in the natural resources area; specializing in water issues, including planning, water quality, endangered species, water rights, and water management.

Mark E. Rey, Undersecretary of Agriculture for Natural Resources & Environment

Mark E. Rey was sworn in as the under secretary for natural resources and environment by Agriculture Secretary Ann M. Veneman on October 2, 2001.
In that position, he oversees the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service and Natural Resources Conservation Service.

Since January 1995, Rey served as a staff member with the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources. He was the lead staff person for the committee's work on national forest policy and Forest Service administration. He was directly involved in virtually all of the forestry and conservation legislation considered during the past several sessions of Congress, with principal responsibility for a number of public lands bills during this period. In addition, he worked on the Herger/Feinstein Quincy Library Act of 1998 and the Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000. This latter law is considered to have been the most extensive public forestry legislation passed by Congress in 20 years.

From 1992-94 Rey served as vice president, forest resources for the American Forest and Paper Association. He served as executive director for the American Forest Resource Alliance from 1989-92. He served as vice president, public forestry programs for the National Forest Products Association from 1984-89. From 1976-84 he served in several positions for the American Paper Institute/National Forest Products Association, a consortium of national trade associations. From 1974-75 he worked as a staff assistant for the U.S. Department of the Interior's Bureau of Land Management in Billings, Mont., and Washington, D.C.

Rey is a native of Canton, Ohio. He holds a Bachelor of Science degree in wildlife management, a Bachelor of Science degree in forestry, and a Master of Science degree in natural resources policy and administration, all from the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

P. Lynn Scarlett, Deputy Secretary of the Interior

Lynn Scarlett was confirmed as the Deputy Secretary of the Interior on November 18, 2005. From July 2001, Scarlett served as Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Policy, Management and Budget. In that capacity, Scarlett coordinated budget planning within the Department, implemented the President's Management Agenda, and served as both the Chief Financial Officer and Chief Human Capital Officer. She also helped coordinate Department-wide environmental policy initiatives to implement Secretary Gale Norton's "4 C's" vision of conservation through cooperation, communication, and consultation.

From June 2003-2004, she chaired the Wildland Fire Leadership Council, an interagency and intergovernmental forum for implementing the National Fire Plan and 10-Year Implementation Plan. She co-chairs the Recreation Fee Leadership Council, an interagency group to coordinate recreation fee policy and practices. She serves on the Board of Trustees of the Udall Foundation as the Department of the Interior representative.

Prior to joining the Bush Administration in July 2001, she was President of the Los Angeles-based Reason Foundation, a nonprofit current affairs research and communications organization. In addition to her management role, her policy research focused on environmental, land use, and natural resources issues.

Ms. Scarlett is author of numerous publications on incentive-based environmental policies. She co-authored a report, Race to the Top: State Environmental Innovations, which examines state environmental programs that utilize incentives, private partnerships, and local leadership in addressing environmental problems.

Ms. Scarlett served on President George W. Bush's environmental policy task force during his presidential campaign. She was appointed by former Governor Pete Wilson to chair California's Inspection and Maintenance Review Committee, a position she held for 6 years. Ms. Scarlett served as an Expert Panelist on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's full-cost accounting and "pay-as-you-throw" projects. She served at the request of former EPA Administrator William Ruckelshaus on the Enterprise for the Environment Task Force, which examined new directions for U.S. environmental policy.

Ms. Scarlett received her B.A. and M.A. in political science from the University of California, Santa Barbara, where she also completed her Ph.D. coursework and exams in political science and political economy.

Arvin Trujillo, Director of Natural Resources, Navajo Nation

Mr. Trujillo is currently the Executive Director of the Navajo Nation's Division of Natural Resources, which is located in Window Rock, AZ. The Division of Natural Resources consists of eleven (11) departments employing over 550 employees. These departments include: Dept. of AML/UMTRA; Archaeology Dept.; Dept. of Agriculture; Fish & Wildlife Dept.; Forestry Dept.; Historic Preservation Dept.; Navajo Land Dept.; Minerals Dept.; Parks & Recreation Dept.; Dept. of Resource Enforcement; Dept. of Water Resources.

The Division oversees all aspects of natural resource management, compliance, and development within the Navajo Nation, which includes portions of the States of New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah in the Four Corners regions of the U.S. Southwest. Mr. Trujillo has held this position since 1999 and during a six-month period, he also was the interim Chief of Staff for President Kelsey Begaye in 2001.

Before joining the Navajo Nation, Mr. Trujillo was employed by the Broken Hills Proprietary, LTD (BHP) at their Navajo, San Juan, and LaPlata mines as a mining engineer. While with BHP, Mr. Trujillo also held management and human resource positions. Mr. Trujillo also worked in the Powder River Basin, located in the eastern portion of Wyoming, at the Caballo Rojo mine for Mobil Coal Producing, Inc. as a mining and reclamation engineer.

Mr. Trujillo is a member on the National Coal Council, the Southwest Strategy (SWS), the Intertribal Agriculture Council (IAC), and the Council of Energy Resources Tribes (CERT) and was a past Board member for the American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES). Mr. Trujillo did his undergraduate work at Oral Roberts University, majoring in chemistry and he did his post-graduate work at the Pennsylvania State University, majoring in mineral processing.

James Van Ness, Acting Deputy General Counsel, Department of Defense

Mr. James Van Ness is the acting Deputy General Counsel for Environment & Installations in the office of the General Counsel for the Department of defense. In this capacity, he is responsible for advising senior staff in the Office of the Secretary of Defense concerning a wide variety of environmental and installations management issues, including: environmental planning, compliance, and restoration: natural resources conservation: cultural resources management: consultation with American Indians and Alaska Natives; base realignment and closures: and real property and facilities management. Prior to his retirement form active duty, he served for 23 years as an active duty judge advocate in the United States Air Force.

Prior to joining the Office of the General Counsel, Mr. Van Ness' military assignments included Staff Judge Advocate for the Air Force Center for Environmental Excellence, Brooks AFB, Texas; Chief of Environmental Law for Alaskan Air Command, Elmendorf AFB, Alaska: Staff Judge Advocate for the Air Force Regional Civil Engineer for Ballistic Missile Support, Norton AFB, California: and Associate Professor of Law, United States Air Force Academy.

Mr. Van Ness earned his B.S. in Distributed Studies from Iowa State University; his J.D. from the University of Iowa; and his LL.M in Law and Marine Affairs from the University of Washington. He is a member of the Iowa, U.S. Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces, and U. S. Supreme Court Bars.