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U.S. Department of the Interior - Museum Program
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A-1 Know criteria that define Federal property as museum collections

Museum collections require documentation to enhance their usefulness, special accountability to ensure their security, and care and handling to prolong their availability in the best condition possible. Each of these considerations requires expenditure of funds. Efficient use of federal resources requires us to accurately identify federal property with heritage values that merit long-term management.

Federal museum collections are federal property subject to the same rules that are applicable to all federal "personal property." Federal museum collections are a subset of "personal property" as defined at this site:

ACQNET - Source for Acquisition Information
Federal Acquisition Regulations System - Definitions

Other sources of government-wide definitions that are useful in acquiring and managing federal museum collections follow.

The Federal Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, 63 Stat. 377, 40 USC 483 (b)
As amended, allows for management of Federal property.

Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board

In addition to government-wide definitions, agencies may tailor definitions of personal property that recognize agency-specific uses of federal collections. A few examples follow.

Department of the Interior (DOI)
"Personal property. Property of any kind or an interest therein, except (1) real property, (2) records of the Federal Government, and (3) naval vessels of the following categories: battleships, cruisers, aircraft carriers, destroyers, and submarines. Specifically, personal property includes all equipment; materials and supplies; and museum objects. It does not include property which is incorporated in, or permanently affixed to, real property."

"Museum property is personal property acquired according to some rational scheme and preserved, studied, or interpreted for public benefit. You may have museum property even though you have no museums. Museum property includes objects selected to represent archeology, art, ethnography, history, documents, botany, zoology, paleontology, geology, and environmental samples."
411 DM Chapter 1

Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)
Historic Preservation

National Park Service (NPS)
Museum Management Program

Department of Defense (DOD)
Definition of Personal Property
Frequently Asked Questions About Personal Property

US Army
Center of Military History's Army Regulations

Department of Energy (DOE)
Property Management Regulations

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Personal Property Branch
Property Definitions

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Preserve NOAA 's History by Reporting Its Heritage Assets
Heritage Assets

Standards of ethical conduct for employees of the executive branch, 5CFR2635.101(b)(9
Employees shall protect and conserve Federal property and shall not use it for other than authorized activities.

Curation of Federally-Owned and Administered Archeological Collections (3-4)

Managing Archeological Collections: 36 CFR 79

Department of the Interior (DOI)
Policy and Responsibilities for Managing Museum Property
Scope of Museum Property Collection

National Park Service (NPS) (A to C4)

US Army
Army Museum, Historical Artifacts, and Art (2-5}