Electronic Resources Accessible from DOI Locations Only
- EBSCO Online includes the GreenFILE database, with content on global warming, green building, pollution, sustainable agriculture, renewable energy, recycling, and more.
- Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change
The link will open the Gale Virtual Reference Library. The Encyclopedia of Global Warming and Climate Change can be found under the 'Environment' tab.
- Rocky Mountain Mineral Law Foundation Digital Library, with material dealing with all aspects of natural resources law.
Books Available at the Interior Library
- The Daily Climate
The Daily Climate publishes reports on unheralded and often overlooked aspects of climate science, along with a daily compilation of news about climate change from mainstream media sources around the world.
- Environmental and Energy Study Institute Climate Change News
This source recounts the top stories of the week and includes a list of upcoming events. The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) is a non-profit organization founded in 1984 by a bipartisan Congressional caucus dedicated to finding innovative environmental and energy solutions.
- Environmental News Network (ENN): Climate
The Environmental News Network gathers, selects and publishes environmental news from a variety of sources.
- New Scientist: Climate Change
- New York Times, Science Topics: Global Warming
- Science Daily Earth and Climate News
- Washington Post: The Climate Agenda
- Encyclopedia of Earth: Climate Change
Includes information from The Climate, Adaptation, Mitigation, E-Learning (CAMEL) project from the Council of Environmental Deans and Directors (CEDD) of the National Council for Science and the Environment and is supported by the National Science Foundation.
- Global Climate Change: NASA's Eyes on the Earth
Global Climate Change is a multimedia Web site featuring photographs, movies, animations, interactive graphics, and other presentations of NASA's research into climate change.
- Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States
Produced by the United States Global Change Research Program in 2009, the report focuses on climate change impacts in different regions of the U.S. and on various aspects of society and the economy such as energy, water, agriculture, and health.
- National Climate Assessment
The National Climate Assessment is an important resource for understanding and communicating climate change science and impacts in the United States.The next National Climate Assessment is scheduled to be completed in early 2014. The draft assessment available for public review in 2013 can be found on this site.
- Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the leading international body for the assessment of climate change. It was established by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) to provide the world with a clear scientific view on the current state of knowledge in climate change and its potential environmental and socio-economic impacts.
Most IPCC Reports published since 1997 are available online. Of special interest are the IPCC's Assessment Reports, which are published at regular intervals. Four Assessment Reports have been completed -- in 1990, 1995, 2001 and 2007. The Fourth Assessment Report, "Climate Change 2007", is composed of 4 volumes and is available online. The Fifth Assessment is underway.
Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis was released in September 2013. It's the first volume of the Fifth Assessment. The Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) is being released in four parts between September 2013 and November 2014. It's made up of the full reports prepared by the Working Groups (I, II, and III) and their Summaries for Policymakers as well as the Synthesis Report.
- Introduction to Climate Dynamics and Climate Modeling
An English-language online textbook by H. Goosse, P.Y. Barriat, W. Lefebvre, M.F. Loutre and V. Zunz, first designed for a course at the Université Catholique de Louvain (Belgium).
- Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years
By the Committee on Surface Temperature Reconstructions for the Last 2,000 Years, National Research Council, 2006. The book assesses scientific efforts to reconstruct surface temperature records and their implications for understanding global climate change.
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Climate Change Website
EPA encourages voluntary greenhouse gas reductions from large corporations, consumers, industrial and commercial buildings and many major industrial sectors. It also contributes to the U.S. Global Change Research Program, and is engaged internationally in scientific research, climate change mitigation and environmental monitoring.
- U.S. Geological Survey: Climate and Land Use Change
The U.S. Geological Survey is a contributor to the U.S. Global Change Research Program. This website includes scientific reports, news releases, and information for the general public and policymakers, including Congressional briefings and podcasts produced by U.S. Geological Survey scientists.
- United States Global Change Research Program
The U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) coordinates and integrates Federal research on changes in the global environment and their implications for society.
Further Explorations in Science
- Arctic Report Card
Produced by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Arctic Report Card tracks recent environmental changes throughout the Arctic, and is updated annually.
- Climate Change: The Discovery of Global Warming
By historian Spencer Weart, who is director, Center for History of Physics, American Institute of Physics. The essays cover the entire history of the discovery of climate change, from the late 19th century to today.
- Climate Change: A Guide to the Information and Disinformation
Produced by the Society of Environmental Journalists
- Greenhouse Gas Online
The site contains links to news articles and scientific abstracts from greenhouse gas-related papers from over 100 peer-reviewed journals.
RealClimate is a blog by working climate scientists that aims to provide journalists and the public a quick response to developing stories and to provide the context sometimes missing in mainstream journalistic commentary. The discussion is restricted to scientific topics and will not get involved in any political or economic implications of the science.
- Science Tracer Bullets Online: Global Warming and Climate Change
An extensive guide to research, produced by the Library of Congress Science Reference Services in 2008. Includes bibliographies of selected books, conference proceedings, technical reports, government publications, journals, and Internet resources, as well as directories of organizations and data sources.
- Weather and Climate Sites
A list of web sites selected by the NOAA Central Library staff.
Climate Data Sources
- Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center
The Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC) is the primary climate-change data and information analysis center of the U.S. Department of Energy. Its holdings include records of the atmospheric concentrations of carbon dioxide and other radiatively active gases, and emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil-fuel consumption and land-use changes.
- Global Change Master Directory
NASA's Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) holds more than 25,000 Earth science data set and service descriptions, which cover subject areas within the Earth and environmental sciences. The project mission is to assist researchers, policy makers, and the public in the discovery of and access to data, related services, and ancillary information (which includes descriptions of instruments and platforms) relevant to global change and Earth science research.
- Greenhouse Gas Bulletin
Published annually by the Atmospheric Environment and Research Division of the World Meteorological Organization, these bulletins report the latest trends and atmospheric burdens of the most influential, long-lived greenhouse gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), as well as a summary of the contributions of the lesser gases.
- NOAA Climate Services Portal
The ultimate goal for the portal is to become the "go-to" website for NOAA's climate data, products, and services. It initially focuses on several datasets and products from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center, Coastal Services Center, and Climate Prediction Center, among others. The initial intent is to highlight some of most popular datasets and products.
- National Climatic Data Center
The National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) is the world's largest active archive of weather data. Its mission is to provide access and stewardship to the Nation's resource of global climate and weather related data and information, and assess and monitor climate variation and change.
- United States Global Change Research Information Office
The US Global Change Research Information Office (GCRIO) provides access to data, information and educational resources on behalf of U.S. Federal agencies involved in the US Global Change Research Program.
Conservation in an Era of Climate Changes
- Adapting to Climate Change: A Short Course for Land Managers
Produced by the U.S. Forest Service, this course includes video lectures from a July 2008 workshop at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest that brought together U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Geological Survey scientists, and resource managers who served as reviewers and discussants.
- Climate Change Adaptation: What Federal Agencies Are Doing
Report by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change, November 2010
- Climate Change and Water Resources Management: A Federal Perspective
By Levi D. Brekke and others. The purpose of this interagency report prepared by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE), Bureau of Reclamation (Reclamation), and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is to explore strategies to improve water management by tracking, anticipating, and responding to climate change.
- Climate Change Resource Center of the U.S. Forest Service
The Climate Change Resource Center is for resource managers and decisionmakers who need information and tools to address climate change in planning and project implementation. The site offers educational information, including basic science modules that explain climate and climate impacts, decision-support models, maps, simulations, case studies, and toolkits.
- Climate Friendly Parks Program of the U.S. National Park Service
- Effects of Climate Change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity in the United States
Report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the Subcommittee on Global Change Research, 2008; convening lead authors: Peter Backlund, Anthony Janetos, and David Schimel; managing editor: Margaret Walsh. This is part of a series of 21 Synthesis and Assessment Products to inform public debate, policy, and operational decisions.
- Effects of Climate Change on Energy Production and Use in the United States
A 2008 report by the U.S. Climate Change Science Program and the National Science and Technology Council Subcommittee on Global Change Research
- National Climate Change and Wildlife Science Center (NCCWSC)
A science center within the U.S. Geological Survey, the NCCWSC was established by Congress in 2008 to help deliver scientific and technical information to help natural resource managers cope with a changing climate.
- Scanning the Conservation Horizon: A Guide to Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment
Determining which species of fish and wildlife are most vulnerable enables managers to better set priorities for conservation action, while understanding why they are vulnerable provides a basis for developing appropriate management and conservation responses.
- State of the Birds
The 2010 State of the Birds report considers how the climate changes influence bird populations and their habitats. Produced by the North American Bird Conservation Initiative, U.S. Committee. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service took the lead in creating this report in partnership with state wildlife agencies and nongovernmental organizations.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Conservation in a Changing Climate
A growing body of evidence has linked accelerating climate change with observed changes in fish and wildlife, their populations, and their habitats in the United States. This site describes the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's research and response to these changes.
- U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Southeast Region Climate Change Policy
Includes links to even more information on projects and policies of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
- Water and Climate Bibliography
Produced by the Pacific Institute, this bibliography is a comprehensive database of scientific literature on climate change and freshwater resources worldwide; it contains more than 4,300 entries.
Preventing Climate Changes
Federal Policy-Oriented Sources
- America's Climate Choices
Reports produced by the National Research Council of the National Academies
- Congressional Research Service Reports on Climate Change
Over one hundred reports have been collected by the National Council for Science and the Environment, a not-for-profit organization focused on improving the scientific basis for environmental decision making.
- Federal Climate Change Programs: Funding History and Policy Issues
By the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, March 2010
- Informing Decisions in a Changing Climate
By the National Research Council's Panel on Strategies and Methods for Climate-Related Decision Support, 2009
- Potential Impacts of Climate Change in the United States
By the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, May 2009
- Preparing for Our Common Future: Policy Choices and the Economics of Climate Change
Goldman Lecture in Economics, Wellesley College, October 27, 2008, by Peter Orszag, Director, Congressional Budget Office
- Uncertainty in Analyzing Climate Change: Policy Implications
By the U.S. Congressional Budget Office, November 2007
- U.S. State Department: Global Climate Change
The Congressional Research Service reports listed below provide context and a chronology of intergovernmental efforts to limit greenhouse gas emissions:
- A U.S. Centric Chronology of the International Climate Change Negotiations
By Jane A. Leggett, Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy, February 8, 2011
- International Agreements on Climate Change: Selected Legal Questions
By Emily C. Barbour, Legislative Attorney, April 12, 2010
- Status of the Copenhagen Climate Change Negotiations
By Jane A. Leggett, Specialist in Energy and Environmental Policy, and Richard K. Lattanzio, Analyst in Environmental Policy, November 5, 2009
- Global Climate Change: Status of Negotiations
By Susan R. Fletcher, Specialist in International Environmental Policy, June 17, 2008
- Climate Change: The Kyoto Protocol, Bali "Action Plan," and International Actions
By Susan R. Fletcher, Specialist in International Environmental Policy, and Larry Parker, Specialist in Energy Policy, January 10, 2008
- United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
The Convention on Climate Change is a treaty that sets an overall framework for intergovernmental efforts to address climate change. It recognizes that the climate system is a shared resource whose stability can be affected by industrial and other emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.
- Kyoto Protocol
Some nations approved an addition to the treaty: the Kyoto Protocol, which has more powerful (and legally binding) measures. The major distinction between the Protocol and the Convention is that while the Convention encouraged industrialised countries to stabilize greenhouse gas emissions, the Protocol commits them to do so.
- Copenhagen Accord
The Fifteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), also referred to as "COP 15," or the Copenhagen Climate Summit, took place in Copenhagen, Demark, December 7-19, 2009. The accord creates a voluntary international reporting and verification scheme aimed at meeting individual national climate change mitigation commitments and greenhouse gas emissions reduction targets.
- The Sixteenth Session of the Conference of the Parties, held in Cancún, Mexico, Nov. 29-Dec. 10, 2010, resulted in the adoption of the Cancún Agreements, which furthered the work represented by the Copenhagen Accord.
- The Cancún Climate Summit received extensive coverage in the Guardian (UK).
- The Cancún Climate Summit received extensive coverage in the Guardian (UK).
- The Seventeenth Session of the Conference of the Parties, held in Durban, South Africa, Nov. 28-Dec. 9, 2011, advanced the implementation of the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, the Bali Action Plan, and the Cancun Agreements.
- The Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate
The Major Economies Forum on Energy and Climate (MEF) intends to facilitate dialogue, generate political leadership, and advance the exploration of concrete initiatives and joint ventures that increase the supply of clean energy while cutting greenhouse gas emissions.
- Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum
Other Sources on Climate Policy
Magazines and Blogs
- Climate Change Policy & Practice
News and information of United Nations' and intergovernmental activities addressing global climate change policy, produced by the International Institute for Sustainable Development.
- Climate Science Watch
A non-profit public interest education and advocacy project, Climate Science Watch investigates and diagnoses the use and misuse of climate change research and assessments in U.S. national politics and policymaking.
- Climate Shifts
A blog about science, climate change, politics, coral reefs, and the environment, produced by Ove Hoegh-Guldberg, director of the University of Queensland's Global Change Institute.
- Global Change Magazine
The magazine of the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP), Global Change highlights its research and includes articles that link science, society and policy. It has been published quarterly since 1989, and formerly was known as the IGBP Newsletter.
- National Journal Expert Blog: Energy and Environment
A weekly expert discussion on a current political question.
- Real Climate Economics
A blog produced by Economics for Equity and the Environment Network (E3), a national network of economists whose applied research supports active environmental protection.
- Economic Analysis and the Formulation of U.S. Climate Policy
By Michael A. Toman; published by Resources for the Future, 2003
- The Economics of Climate Change
By Sir Nicholas Stern, Head of the U.K. Government Economic Service and Adviser to the Government on the Economics of Climate Change and Development, January 2007. The Stern Review demonstrates that the benefits of quickly lowering greenhouse gas emissions are higher than the overall costs to human welfare. It includes case studies, graphices of key issues, and guidelines for action.
- The Climate Institute
The Climate Institute is an international NGO of scientists and policy leaders concerned with climate change and protection of the stratospheric ozone layer, and has organized conferences, symposia, and ministerial briefings in thirty nations. The Institute's newsletter, the Climate Alert, is a source for policy makers on the likely impacts of climate change in the U.S. and abroad.
- Natural Resources Defense Council: Global Warming
The well-respected environmental action organization offers literature on the causes and consequences of global warming, and on possible solutions.
- Pew Center on Global Climate Change
Since 1998, a non-profit, non-partisan and independent organization that aims to provide credible information and innovative solutions that address global climate change
- Resources for the Future: Climate Change
Resources for the Future is a nonprofit and nonpartisan organization that conducts independent research in economics and other social sciences, on environmental, energy, natural resource and environmental health issues.
- Union of Concerned Scientists: Global Warming